Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions

Nomikou I, Rohlfing K, Szufnarowska J (2013)
Interaction Studies 14(2): 240-267.

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In a longitudinal naturalistic study, we observed German mothers interacting with their infants when they were 3 and 6 months old. Pursuing the idea that infants’ attention is socialized in everyday interactions, we explored whether eye contact is reinforced selectively by behavioral modification in the input provided to infants. Applying a microanalytical approach focusing on the sequential organization of interaction, we explored how the mother draws the infant’s attention to herself and how she tries to maintain attention when the infant is looking at her. Results showed that eye contact is reinforced by specific infant-directed practices: interrogatives and conversational openings, multimodal stimulation, repetition, and imitation. In addition, these practices are contingent on the infant’s own behavior. By comparing the two data points (3 and 6 months), we showed how the education of attention evolves hand-in-hand with the developing capacities of the infant.
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Nomikou I, Rohlfing K, Szufnarowska J. Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions. Interaction Studies. 2013;14(2):240-267.
Nomikou, I., Rohlfing, K., & Szufnarowska, J. (2013). Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions. Interaction Studies, 14(2), 240-267.
Nomikou, I., Rohlfing, K., and Szufnarowska, J. (2013). Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions. Interaction Studies 14, 240-267.
Nomikou, I., Rohlfing, K., & Szufnarowska, J., 2013. Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions. Interaction Studies, 14(2), p 240-267.
I. Nomikou, K. Rohlfing, and J. Szufnarowska, “Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions”, Interaction Studies, vol. 14, 2013, pp. 240-267.
Nomikou, I., Rohlfing, K., Szufnarowska, J.: Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions. Interaction Studies. 14, 240-267 (2013).
Nomikou, Iris, Rohlfing, Katharina, and Szufnarowska, Joanna. “Educating attention: recruiting, maintaining, and framing eye contact in early natural mother-infant interactions”. Interaction Studies 14.2 (2013): 240-267.
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