Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent

Inden B, Malisz Z, Wagner P, Wachsmuth I (2013)
In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney. Epps J, Chen F, Oviatt S, Mase K, Sears A, Jokinen K, Schuller B (Eds);New York: ACM.

Conference Paper | Published | English

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Editor
Epps, Julien ; Chen, Fang ; Oviatt, Sharon ; Mase, Kenji ; Sears, Andrew ; Jokinen, Kristina ; Schuller, Björn
Abstract
We report on an analysis of feedback behavior in an Active Listening Corpus as produced verbally, visually (head movement) and bimodally. The behavior is modeled in an embodied conversational agent and displayed in a conversation with a real human to human participants for perceptual evaluation. Five strategies for the timing of backchannels are compared: copying the timing of the original human listener, producing backchannels at randomly selected times, producing backchannels according to high level timing distributions relative to the interlocutor’s utterance and pauses, or local entrainment to the interlocutors’ vowels, or both. Human observers judge that models with global timing distributions miss less opportunities for backchanneling than random timing.
Publishing Year
Conference
International Conference on Multimodal Interaction
Location
Sydney, Australia
Conference Date
2013-12-09 – 2013-12-13
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Cite this

Inden B, Malisz Z, Wagner P, Wachsmuth I. Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent. In: Epps J, Chen F, Oviatt S, et al., eds. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney. New York: ACM; 2013.
Inden, B., Malisz, Z., Wagner, P., & Wachsmuth, I. (2013). Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent. In J. Epps, F. Chen, S. Oviatt, K. Mase, A. Sears, K. Jokinen, & B. Schuller (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney New York: ACM.
Inden, B., Malisz, Z., Wagner, P., and Wachsmuth, I. (2013). “Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney, ed. J. Epps, F. Chen, S. Oviatt, K. Mase, A. Sears, K. Jokinen, and B. Schuller (New York: ACM).
Inden, B., et al., 2013. Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent. In J. Epps, et al., eds. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney. New York: ACM.
B. Inden, et al., “Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent”, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney, J. Epps, et al., eds., New York: ACM, 2013.
Inden, B., Malisz, Z., Wagner, P., Wachsmuth, I.: Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent. In: Epps, J., Chen, F., Oviatt, S., Mase, K., Sears, A., Jokinen, K., and Schuller, B. (eds.) Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney. ACM, New York (2013).
Inden, Benjamin, Malisz, Zofia, Wagner, Petra, and Wachsmuth, Ipke. “Timing and entrainment of multimodal backchanneling behavior for an embodied conversational agent”. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, ICMI'13 - Sydney. Ed. Julien Epps, Fang Chen, Sharon Oviatt, Kenji Mase, Andrew Sears, Kristina Jokinen, and Björn Schuller. New York: ACM, 2013.
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