Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness

Kandler C, Riemann R (2013)
Behavior Genetics 43(4): 297-313.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
In the current study, we examined the genetic and environmental sources of the links between individual religiousness and individual personality traits, perceived parental religiousness, and perceived peer religiousness. Data from 870 individuals (incl. 394 twin pairs) were analyzed. Variance in individual religiousness was significantly influenced by genetic effects, environmental influences shared by twins reared together, and individual-specific environmental influences. Individual religiousness showed significant associations with age, sex, specific personality traits (e.g., agreeableness, openness to values), and perceived religiousness of important social interaction partners, such as parents, best friends, and spouses. The links to personality traits were relatively small and primarily genetically mediated. The associations between individual religiousness and parental religiousness were substantial and mediated by shared environmental effects. These links significantly decreased across age accompanying a significant decrease of shared environmental influences on individual religiousness. The correlations between individual religiousness and perceived religiousness of spouses and best friends were relatively moderate but increased with age. These associations were mediated by genetic as well as nonshared environmental sources accompanying an increase of nonshared environmental influences on individual religiousness with age. The results suggest that inter-individual differences in religiousness are due to multiple sources.
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Kandler C, Riemann R. Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness. Behavior Genetics. 2013;43(4):297-313.
Kandler, C., & Riemann, R. (2013). Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness. Behavior Genetics, 43(4), 297-313.
Kandler, C., and Riemann, R. (2013). Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness. Behavior Genetics 43, 297-313.
Kandler, C., & Riemann, R., 2013. Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness. Behavior Genetics, 43(4), p 297-313.
C. Kandler and R. Riemann, “Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness”, Behavior Genetics, vol. 43, 2013, pp. 297-313.
Kandler, C., Riemann, R.: Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness. Behavior Genetics. 43, 297-313 (2013).
Kandler, Christian, and Riemann, Rainer. “Genetic and Environmental Sources of Individual Religiousness: The Roles of Individual Personality Traits and Perceived Environmental Religiousness”. Behavior Genetics 43.4 (2013): 297-313.
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