Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue

Kopp S, Bergmann K (2013)
In: Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication. Wachsmuth I, de Ruiter J, Kopp S, Jaecks P (Eds); Advances in Interaction Studies, . Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company: 87-107.

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Wachsmuth, Ipke ; de Ruiter, Jan ; Kopp, Stefan ; Jaecks, Petra
Abstract
Spontaneous co-verbal gestures are one means for speakers to align with each other and coordinate their interaction. In this chapter we review current empirical findings of this phenomenon and propose two kinds of partner-specific adaptations of gesturing in dialogue: Automatic alignment that occurs through priming via sensorimotor resonances and direct perception-action-links, while strategic adaptations result from flexible production choices based on recipient design and grounding. Both mechanisms are suggested to work to some degree independently and simultaneously, possibly affecting different features of the same gesture. An integrated process models of speech-gesture production and understanding is proposed that explains these adaptation mechanisms and how they may work together.
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Kopp S, Bergmann K. Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue. In: Wachsmuth I, de Ruiter J, Kopp S, Jaecks P, eds. Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication. Advances in Interaction Studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company; 2013: 87-107.
Kopp, S., & Bergmann, K. (2013). Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue. In I. Wachsmuth, J. de Ruiter, S. Kopp, & P. Jaecks (Eds.), Advances in Interaction Studies. Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication (pp. 87-107). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Kopp, S., and Bergmann, K. (2013). “Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue” in Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication, ed. I. Wachsmuth, J. de Ruiter, S. Kopp, and P. Jaecks Advances in Interaction Studies (Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company), 87-107.
Kopp, S., & Bergmann, K., 2013. Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue. In I. Wachsmuth, et al., eds. Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication. Advances in Interaction Studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 87-107.
S. Kopp and K. Bergmann, “Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue”, Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication, I. Wachsmuth, et al., eds., Advances in Interaction Studies, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013, pp.87-107.
Kopp, S., Bergmann, K.: Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue. In: Wachsmuth, I., de Ruiter, J., Kopp, S., and Jaecks, P. (eds.) Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication. Advances in Interaction Studies. p. 87-107. John Benjamins Publishing Company, Amsterdam (2013).
Kopp, Stefan, and Bergmann, Kirsten. “Automatic and strategic alignment of co-verbal gestures in dialogue”. Alignment in Communication: Towards a New Theory of Communication. Ed. Ipke Wachsmuth, Jan de Ruiter, Stefan Kopp, and Petra Jaecks. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013. Advances in Interaction Studies. 87-107.
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