Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs

Sattler S, Wiegel C (2013)
Substance Use & Misuse 48(3): 220-232.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
This online panel study (n(t1) = 5,882; n(t2) = 3,486 (randomly selected)) used multiple metrics to assess the prevalence of the nonmedical use of prescription medication for enhancing cognitive performance among German university students in 2010. Rare events logistic regression revealed that increased cognitive test anxiety increased the prevalence of medication use over various time windows. Negative binomial regression models showed that the higher the cognitive test anxiety, the higher the use frequencies were during the previous six months. The models controlled for expected side effects, risk attitudes, self-attributed competencies, prior medication use, sex, and age. We also discuss the study's implications.
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Sattler S, Wiegel C. Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse. 2013;48(3):220-232.
Sattler, S., & Wiegel, C. (2013). Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse, 48(3), 220-232.
Sattler, S., and Wiegel, C. (2013). Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse 48, 220-232.
Sattler, S., & Wiegel, C., 2013. Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse, 48(3), p 220-232.
S. Sattler and C. Wiegel, “Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs”, Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 48, 2013, pp. 220-232.
Sattler, S., Wiegel, C.: Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Substance Use & Misuse. 48, 220-232 (2013).
Sattler, Sebastian, and Wiegel, Constantin. “Cognitive Test Anxiety and Cognitive Enhancement: The Influence of Students' Worries on Their Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs”. Substance Use & Misuse 48.3 (2013): 220-232.
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10 Citations in Europe PMC

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Sattler S, Sauer C, Mehlkop G, Graeff P., PLoS ONE 8(7), 2013
PMID: 23874778

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