The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum

Heyer A, Gaetgens C, Hentschel E, Kalinowski J, Bott M, Frunzke J (2012)
Microbiology 158(Pt_12): 3020-3031.

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Abstract
We recently showed that the two-component system (TCS) HrrSA plays a central role in the control of haem homeostasis in the Gram-positive soil bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum. Here, we characterized the function of another TCS of this organism, ChrSA, which exhibits significant sequence similarity to HrrSA, and provide evidence for cross-regulation of the two systems. In this study, ChrSA was shown to be crucial for haem resistance of C. glutamicum by activation of the putative haem-detoxifying ABC-transporter HrtBA in the presence of haem. Deletion of either hrtBA or chrSA resulted in a strongly increased sensitivity towards haem. DNA microarray analysis and gel retardation assays with the purified response regulator ChrA revealed that phosphorylated ChrA acts as an activator of hrtBA in the presence of haem. The haem oxygenase gene, hmuO, showed a decreased mRNA level in a chrSA deletion mutant but no significant binding of ChrA to the hmuO promoter was observed in vitro. In contrast, activation from P-hmuO fused to eyfp was almost abolished in an hrrSA mutant, indicating that HrrSA is the dominant system for haem-dependent activation of hmuO in C. glutamicum. Remarkably, ChrA was also shown to bind to the hrrA promoter and to repress transcription of the paralogous response regulator, whereas chrSA itself seemed to be repressed by HrrA. These data suggest a close interplay of HrrSA and ChrSA at the level of transcription and emphasize ChrSA as a second TCS involved in haem-dependent gene regulation in C. glutamicum, besides HrrSA.
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Heyer A, Gaetgens C, Hentschel E, Kalinowski J, Bott M, Frunzke J. The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Microbiology. 2012;158(Pt_12):3020-3031.
Heyer, A., Gaetgens, C., Hentschel, E., Kalinowski, J., Bott, M., & Frunzke, J. (2012). The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Microbiology, 158(Pt_12), 3020-3031.
Heyer, A., Gaetgens, C., Hentschel, E., Kalinowski, J., Bott, M., and Frunzke, J. (2012). The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Microbiology 158, 3020-3031.
Heyer, A., et al., 2012. The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Microbiology, 158(Pt_12), p 3020-3031.
A. Heyer, et al., “The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum”, Microbiology, vol. 158, 2012, pp. 3020-3031.
Heyer, A., Gaetgens, C., Hentschel, E., Kalinowski, J., Bott, M., Frunzke, J.: The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Microbiology. 158, 3020-3031 (2012).
Heyer, Antonia, Gaetgens, Cornelia, Hentschel, Eva, Kalinowski, Jörn, Bott, Michael, and Frunzke, Julia. “The two-component system ChrSA is crucial for haem tolerance and interferes with HrrSA in haem-dependent gene regulation in Corynebacterium glutamicum”. Microbiology 158.Pt_12 (2012): 3020-3031.
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