Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children

Osmanowski M, Cardona A (2012) SFB 882 Working Paper Series; 5.
Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.

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Abstract
This study sheds light on differences in the frequency of mother-child activities during the children’s early life stages. Using data on children aged 2-3 and 5-6 from the German Socio- Economic Panel (SOEP), we answer two questions: (i) To what extent does the frequency of activities vary between families? (ii) What changes in the frequency of activities occur for each child with the birth of a new sibling? Our results indicate that (i) The frequency with which mothers engage in activities is affected by the combined effects of the number of siblings, children’s sex, and birth order. In particular, as sibship size increases, mothers undertake more activities with firstborn than with middle, younger, and even only children. (ii) Children who already have a younger sibling receive an attention boost through the birth of a new sibling, while others experience a reallocation of activities. To account for these results, we go beyond the resource dilution hypothesis and offer an alternative explanation which assumes either an increase of efficiency in time spent in maternal activities or a spillover effect of other siblings on the overall level of activity with increasing sibship size.
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Osmanowski M, Cardona A. Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. Vol 5. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities; 2012.
Osmanowski, M., & Cardona, A. (2012). Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children (SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 5). Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Osmanowski, M., and Cardona, A. (2012). Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 5, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Osmanowski, M., & Cardona, A., 2012. Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, no.5, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
M. Osmanowski and A. Cardona, Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, vol. 5, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2012.
Osmanowski, M., Cardona, A.: Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 5. DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, Bielefeld (2012).
Osmanowski, Magdalena, and Cardona, Andrés. Resource Dilution or Resource Augmentation? Number of Siblings, Birth Order, Sex of the Child and Frequency of Mother’s Activities with Preschool Children. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2012. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. 5.
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