Abstract / Notes
The article addresses the question whether culture evolves in a Lamarckian manner. I highlight three central aspects of a Lamarckian concept of evolution: the inheritance of acquired characteristics, the transformational pattern of evolution, and the concept of directed changes. A clear exposition of these aspects shows that a system can be a Darwinian variational system instead of a Lamarckian transformational one, even if it is based on inheritance of acquired characteristics and/or on Lamarckian directed changes. On this basis, I apply the three aspects to culture. Taking for granted that culture is a variational system, based on selection processes, I discuss in detail the senses in which cultural inheritance can be said to be Lamarckian and in which sense problem solving, a major factor in cultural change, leads to directed variation.
Kronfeldner M. Is cultural evolution Lamarckian? Biology & Philosophy. 2006;22(4):493-512.
Kronfeldner, M. (2006). Is cultural evolution Lamarckian? Biology & Philosophy, 22(4), 493-512. doi:10.1007/s10539-006-9037-7
Kronfeldner, M. (2006). Is cultural evolution Lamarckian? Biology & Philosophy 22, 493-512.
Kronfeldner, M., 2006. Is cultural evolution Lamarckian? Biology & Philosophy, 22(4), p 493-512.
M. Kronfeldner, “Is cultural evolution Lamarckian?”, Biology & Philosophy, vol. 22, 2006, pp. 493-512.
Kronfeldner, M.: Is cultural evolution Lamarckian? Biology & Philosophy. 22, 493-512 (2006).
Kronfeldner, Maria. “Is cultural evolution Lamarckian?”. Biology & Philosophy 22.4 (2006): 493-512.
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