Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words

Magyari L, de Ruiter J (2012)
Front. Psychology 3.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
;
Abstract
During conversation listeners have to perform several tasks simultaneously. They have to comprehend their interlocutor’s turn, while also having to prepare their own next turn. Moreover, a careful analysis of the timing of natural conversation reveals that next speakers also time their turns very precisely. This is possible only if listeners can predict accurately when the speaker’s turn is going to end. But how are people able to predict when a turn-ends? We propose that people know when a turn-ends, because they know how it ends. We conducted a gating study to examine if better turn-end predictions coincide with more accurate anticipation of the last words of a turn. We used turns from an earlier button-press experiment where people had to press a button exactly when a turn-ended. We show that the proportion of correct guesses in our experiment is higher when a turn’s end was estimated better in time in the button-press experiment. When people were too late in their anticipation in the button-press experiment, they also anticipated more words in our gating study. We conclude that people made predictions in advance about the upcoming content of a turn and used this prediction to estimate the duration of the turn. We suggest an economical model of turn-end anticipation that is based on anticipation of words and syntactic frames in comprehension.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Magyari L, de Ruiter J. Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words. Front. Psychology. 2012;3.
Magyari, L., & de Ruiter, J. (2012). Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words. Front. Psychology, 3.
Magyari, L., and de Ruiter, J. (2012). Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words. Front. Psychology 3.
Magyari, L., & de Ruiter, J., 2012. Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words. Front. Psychology, 3.
L. Magyari and J. de Ruiter, “Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words”, Front. Psychology, vol. 3, 2012.
Magyari, L., de Ruiter, J.: Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words. Front. Psychology. 3, (2012).
Magyari, L., and de Ruiter, Jan. “Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words”. Front. Psychology 3 (2012).
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

17 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Withholding planned speech is reflected in synchronized beta-band oscillations.
Piai V, Roelofs A, Rommers J, Dahlslatt K, Maris E., Front Hum Neurosci 9(), 2015
PMID: 26528164
Early development of turn-taking in vocal interaction between mothers and infants.
Gratier M, Devouche E, Guellai B, Infanti R, Yilmaz E, Parlato-Oliveira E., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26388790
Timing in turn-taking and its implications for processing models of language.
Levinson SC, Torreira F., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26124727
The use of content and timing to predict turn transitions.
Garrod S, Pickering MJ., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26124728
The effects of processing and sequence organization on the timing of turn taking: a corpus study.
Roberts SG, Torreira F, Levinson SC., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26029125
Dutch and English toddlers' use of linguistic cues in predicting upcoming turn transitions.
Lammertink I, Casillas M, Benders T, Post B, Fikkert P., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 25964772
Turn-timing in signed conversations: coordinating stroke-to-stroke turn boundaries.
de Vos C, Torreira F, Levinson SC., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 25852593
Breathing for answering: the time course of response planning in conversation.
Torreira F, Bogels S, Levinson SC., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 25814976
Anticipation in turn-taking: mechanisms and information sources.
Riest C, Jorschick AB, de Ruiter JP., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 25699004
The origin of human multi-modal communication.
Levinson SC, Holler J., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 369(1651), 2014
PMID: 25092670
Influences of semantic and syntactic incongruence on readiness potential in turn-end anticipation.
Wesselmeier H, Jansen S, Muller HM., Front Hum Neurosci 8(), 2014
PMID: 24904349
Using the readiness potential of button-press and verbal response within spoken language processing.
Jansen S, Wesselmeier H, de Ruiter JP, Mueller HM., J. Neurosci. Methods 232(), 2014
PMID: 24809245
Perception of conversations: the importance of semantics and intonation in children's development.
Keitel A, Prinz W, Friederici AD, von Hofsten C, Daum MM., J Exp Child Psychol 116(2), 2013
PMID: 23876388

5 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

On the ability to inhibit thought and action: general and special theories of an act of control.
Logan GD, Van Zandt T, Verbruggen F, Wagenmakers EJ., Psychol Rev 121(1), 2014
PMID: 24490789
Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation.
Stivers T, Enfield NJ, Brown P, Englert C, Hayashi M, Heinemann T, Hoymann G, Rossano F, de Ruiter JP, Yoon KE, Levinson SC., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 2009
PMID: 19553212

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 23112776
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar