Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes

Kuck D (2012)
European Journal of Mass Spectrometry 18(2): 161-181.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The interplay of proton transfer and hydride transfer reactions in alkylbenzenium ions and related protonated di- and oligophenylalkanes is presented and discussed. While intra- and inter-annular proton exchange has been recognised to be a ubiquitous feature in protonated arenes, hydride abstraction is much less obvious but can become a dominating fragmentation channel in metastable ions of tert-butyl-substituted alkylbenzenium ions and related carbocations. In such cases, proton-induced release of the tert-butyl cation gives rise to ion/neutral complexes as reactive intermediates, for example, [(CH3)(3)C+center dot center dot center dot arylCH(2)(alpha)(CH2)(n) CH(2)(omega)aryl'] with n >= 0 and highly regioselective intra-complex hydride transfer occurs from all of the benzylic methylene hydride ion donor groups (alpha-CH2 and (omega)-CH2) to the tert-butyl cation acting as a Lewis acid. Substituent effects on the individual contributions to the overall hydride transfer from different donor sites, including ortho-methyl groups, in particular, and the concomitant intra-complex proton transfer from the tert-butyl cation to the neutral diarylalkane constituent corroborate the view of "bisolvated" complexes as the central intermediates, in which the carbenium ion is coordinated to both of the aromatic pi-electron systems. The role of cyclisation processes, converting the benzylic [M-H](+)-type ions into the isomeric benzenium, [M+H](+)-type ions prior to fragmentation, is demonstrated for several cases. This overall scenario, consisting of consecutive and/or competing intra-complex hydride abstraction and proton transfer, intra-annular proton shifts (H+ ring walk) and inter-annular proton transfer, hydrogen exchange ("scrambling") processes, and cyclisation and other electrophilic substitution reactions, is of general importance in this field of gas-phase ion chemistry and more recent examples concerning protonated ethers, benzylpyridinium and benzylammmonium ions are discussed in which these recurring features play central and concerted mechanistic roles as well.
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Kuck D. Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes. European Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 2012;18(2):161-181.
Kuck, D. (2012). Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes. European Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 18(2), 161-181.
Kuck, D. (2012). Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes. European Journal of Mass Spectrometry 18, 161-181.
Kuck, D., 2012. Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes. European Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 18(2), p 161-181.
D. Kuck, “Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes”, European Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 18, 2012, pp. 161-181.
Kuck, D.: Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes. European Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 18, 161-181 (2012).
Kuck, Dietmar. “Concomitant hydride and proton transfer: an essay on competing and consecutive key reactions occurring in gaseous ion/neutral complexes”. European Journal of Mass Spectrometry 18.2 (2012): 161-181.
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PMID: 22641718
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