Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus

Goulet J, van Hemmen JL, Jung SN, Chagnaud BP, Scholze B, Engelmann J (2012)
Journal of neurophysiology 107(10): 2581-2593.

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Abstract
Fish and aquatic frogs detect minute water motion by means of a specialized mechanosensory system, the lateral line. Ubiquitous in fish, the lateral-line system is characterized by hair-cell based sensory structures across the fish's surface called neuromasts. These neuromasts occur free-standing on the skin as superficial neuromasts (SN) or are recessed into canals as canal neuromasts. SNs respond to rapid changes of water velocity in a small layer of fluid around the fish, including the so-called boundary layer. Although omnipresent, the boundary layer's impact on the SN response is still a matter of debate. For the first time using an information-theoretic approach to this sensory system, we have investigated the SN afferents encoding capabilities. Combining covariance analysis, phase analysis, and modeling of recorded neuronal responses of primary lateral line afferents, we show that encoding by the SNs is adequately described as a linear, velocity-responsive mechanism. Afferent responses display a bimodal distribution of opposite Wiener kernels that likely reflected the two hair-cell populations within a given neuromast. Using frozen noise stimuli, we further demonstrate that SN afferents respond in an extremely precise manner and with high reproducibility across a broad frequency band (10-150 Hz), revealing that an optimal decoder would need to rely extensively on a temporal code. This was further substantiated by means of signal reconstruction of spike trains that were time shifted with respect to their original. On average, a time shift of 3.5 ms was enough to diminish the encoding capabilities of primary afferents by 70%. Our results further demonstrate that the SNs' encoding capability is linearly related to the stimulus outside the boundary layer, and that the boundary layer can, therefore, be neglected while interpreting lateral line response of SN afferents to hydrodynamic stimuli.
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Goulet J, van Hemmen JL, Jung SN, Chagnaud BP, Scholze B, Engelmann J. Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus. Journal of neurophysiology. 2012;107(10):2581-2593.
Goulet, J., van Hemmen, J. L., Jung, S. N., Chagnaud, B. P., Scholze, B., & Engelmann, J. (2012). Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus. Journal of neurophysiology, 107(10), 2581-2593.
Goulet, J., van Hemmen, J. L., Jung, S. N., Chagnaud, B. P., Scholze, B., and Engelmann, J. (2012). Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus. Journal of neurophysiology 107, 2581-2593.
Goulet, J., et al., 2012. Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus. Journal of neurophysiology, 107(10), p 2581-2593.
J. Goulet, et al., “Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus”, Journal of neurophysiology, vol. 107, 2012, pp. 2581-2593.
Goulet, J., van Hemmen, J.L., Jung, S.N., Chagnaud, B.P., Scholze, B., Engelmann, J.: Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus. Journal of neurophysiology. 107, 2581-2593 (2012).
Goulet, Julie, van Hemmen, J Leo, Jung, Sarah N, Chagnaud, Boris P, Scholze, Björn, and Engelmann, Jacob. “Temporal precision and reliability in the velocity regime of a hair-cell sensory system: the mechanosensory lateral line of goldfish, Carassius auratus”. Journal of neurophysiology 107.10 (2012): 2581-2593.
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PMID: 23761462

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