From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities

Diewald M, Faist T (2011) SFB 882 Working Paper Series; 1.
Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.

Download
OA
Working Paper | Published | English
Abstract
Les différents domaines de la recherche sur les inégalités, tels que la sociologie de l’éducation et la sociologie de la mobilité sociale, sont féconds aussi bien du point de vue théorique qu’empirique. Ils sont à l’origine d’une série d’études sectorielles sur différents aspects de l’inégalité. Cette fécondité s’accompagne toutefois d’une fragmentation thématique et théorique de la recherche sur les inégalités en plusieurs lignes de recherche communiquant à peine les unes avec les autres. Par ailleurs, il n’existe pas d’état des lieux complet des recherches synthétisant les résultats des études empiriques sur le développement des inégalités. Ainsi la recherche sur les inégalités a besoin d’une réorientation conceptuelle. les tentatives allant dans ce sens devraient tirer parti des progrès théoriques et méthodiques considérables réalisés par la recherche sur les inégalités dans des domaines aussi variés que l’éducation, le marché du travail, la justice sociale, les migrations ou le genre. la proposition soumise dans cet article repose sur deux piliers: premièrement, une distinction nette entre hétérogénéités et inégalités; deuxièmement, une tentative d’identification et de systématisation des mécanismes sociaux transformant de simples hétérogénéités en inégalités sociales. nous considérons les hétérogénéités comme le point de départ de ces mécanismes et les inégalités comme leur point d’aboutissement. À titre d’exemple, les approches basées sur les phénomènes de „démarcation“ (boundary making) offrent des points d’appui pour le programme esquissé.

Various fields of research on social inequality, such as studies in education and social mobility, pursue sophisticated theoretical and methodological approaches and have produced a wealth of relevant empirical findings on specific aspects. Nonetheless, research on social inequalities is nowadays extremely fragmented along theoretical, conceptual and methodological lines across which there is little communication and cross-fertilization. There are no comprehensive accounts which would bundle the numerous empirical findings. Therefore, inequality research in the social sciences needs to be conceptually reoriented. Towards that end we have to take advantage of the significant theoretical and methodological advances in the different fields, such as education, labor markets, justice, migration and gender. Our programmatic contribution rests on two pillars. First, we go beyond the conflation of heterogeneities and inequalities and draw a clear conceptual distinction, whereby both terms are always used in the plural. Second, we identify and systematize social mechanisms. The concept of social mechanisms helps to track the genesis of inequalities out of heterogeneities. In this way heterogeneities constitute the point of departure, and inequalities the outcome of a social mechanismic approach. Social mechanisms can be fruitfully connected to approaches such as boundary making.
Publishing Year
ISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Diewald M, Faist T. From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. Vol 1. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities; 2011.
Diewald, M., & Faist, T. (2011). From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities (SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 1). Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Diewald, M., and Faist, T. (2011). From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 1, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Diewald, M., & Faist, T., 2011. From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, no.1, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
M. Diewald and T. Faist, From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, vol. 1, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2011.
Diewald, M., Faist, T.: From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 1. DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, Bielefeld (2011).
Diewald, Martin, and Faist, Thomas. From Heterogeneities to Inequalities : Looking at Social Mechanisms as an Explanatory Approach to the Generation of Social Inequalities. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2011. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. 1.
Main File(s)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Last Uploaded
2012-04-17 14:41:10

This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Search this title in

Google Scholar