Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana

Fobil JN, Krämer A, Meyer CG, May J (2011)
Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2011: 1-10.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ;
Abstract
Urbanization is a process which alters the structure and function of urban environments. The alteration in the quality of urban environmental conditions has significant implications for health. This applies both to the ecology of insect vectors that may transmit diseases and the burden of disease. To investigate the relationship between malaria and infectious diarrhea mortality and spatially varied neighborhood environmental quality conditions in a low-income economy. A one time point spatial analysis of cluster-level environmental conditions and mortality data using principal component analysis (PCA), one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and generalized linear models (GLMs). Environmental variables were extracted from the Ghana Census 2000 database while mortality data were obtained from the Ghana Births and Deaths Registry in Accra over the period 1998-2002. Whereas there was a strong evidence of a difference in relative mortality of malaria across urban environmental zones of differing neighborhood environmental conditions, no such evidence of mortality differentials was observed for diarrhea. In addition, whereas bivariate analyses showed a weak to strong evidence of association between the environmental variables and malaria mortality, no evidence of association was found between diarrhea mortality and environmental variables. We conclude that environmental management initiatives intended for infectious disease control might substantially reduce the risk of urban malaria mortality and to a less extent that for urban diarrhea mortality in rapidly urbanizing areas in a low-income setting.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Fobil JN, Krämer A, Meyer CG, May J. Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2011;2011:1-10.
Fobil, J. N., Krämer, A., Meyer, C. G., & May, J. (2011). Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2011, 1-10.
Fobil, J. N., Krämer, A., Meyer, C. G., and May, J. (2011). Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2011, 1-10.
Fobil, J.N., et al., 2011. Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2011, p 1-10.
J.N. Fobil, et al., “Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana”, Journal of Environmental and Public Health, vol. 2011, 2011, pp. 1-10.
Fobil, J.N., Krämer, A., Meyer, C.G., May, J.: Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2011, 1-10 (2011).
Fobil, Julius N., Krämer, Alexander, Meyer, Christian G., and May, Jürgen. “Neighborhood urban environmental quality conditions are likely to drive malaria and diarrhea mortality in Accra, Ghana”. Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2011 (2011): 1-10.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

2 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Spatial heterogeneity of malaria in Ghana: a cross-sectional study on the association between urbanicity and the acquisition of immunity.
Frank C, Krumkamp R, Sarpong N, Sothmann P, Fobil JN, Foli G, Jaeger A, Ehlkes L, Owusu-Dabo E, Adu-Sarkodie Y, Marks F, Schumann RR, May J, Kreuels B., Malar. J. 15(), 2016
PMID: 26867774

37 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Risk of malaria reemergence in southern France: testing scenarios with a multiagent simulation model.
Linard C, Poncon N, Fontenille D, Lambin EF., Ecohealth 6(1), 2009
PMID: 19449076
Aedes albopictus in Rome: results and perspectives after 10 years of monitoring.
Severini F, Di Luca M, Toma L, Romi R., Parassitologia 50(1-2), 2008
PMID: 18693575
A hierarchical model for studying risk factors for childhood diarrhoea: a case-control study in a middle-income country.
Ferrer SR, Strina A, Jesus SR, Ribeiro HC, Cairncross S, Rodrigues LC, Barreto ML., Int J Epidemiol 37(4), 2008
PMID: 18515864
Stormwater ponds, constructed wetlands, and other best management practices as potential breeding sites for West Nile virus vectors in Delaware during 2004.
Gingrich JB, Anderson RD, Williams GM, O'Connor L, Harkins K., J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 22(2), 2006
PMID: 17019774
Ecology and control of dengue vector mosquitoes in Taiwan.
Chen YR, Hwang JS, Guo YJ., Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi 10 Suppl(), 1994
PMID: 7844855
Recovery and disposal of discarded tires in the Taiwan area.
Hwang JS, Roam GD., Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi 10 Suppl(), 1994
PMID: 7844850
Seasonal distribution of anopheles funestus chromosomal forms from Burkina Faso
Guelbeogo WM, Sagnon N, Grushko O., 2009
Hatch plasticity in response to varied inundation frequency in Aedes albopictus.
Vitek CJ, Livdahl T., J. Med. Entomol. 46(4), 2009
PMID: 19645278
Larvicidal activity of neem oil (Azadirachta indica) formulation against mosquitoes
Dua VK, Pandey AC, Raghavendra K, Gupta A, Sharma T, Dash AP., 2009
Evaluation of bifenthrin applications in tires to prevent Aedes mosquito breeding.
Nguyen HT, Whelan PI, Shortus MS, Jacups SP., J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 25(1), 2009
PMID: 19432071

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Sources

PMID: 21776438
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar