Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects

Wagner U, Wolf C, Stellmacher J, Pettigrew TF (2006)
Social Psychology Quarterly 69(4): 380-390.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Research on the relationship between the percentage of an ethnic minority population in a geographically defined area and majority members’ prejudice typically reveals a positive covariation. This result supports threat theory. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated significant exceptions. Based on intergroup contact theory, the present study demonstrates with a German probability sample that an increase in the percentage of ethnic minority members affords the majority greater opportunity for intergroup contact and thus reduces the majority’s prejudice. These results also falsify frequent political claims that an increase in the minority population above a particular threshold necessarily worsens intergroup relations. The data are discussed in the context of the divergence of our results from those of other studies. Whether threat or contact effects occur may depend on an array of moderators that require further testing.
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Wagner U, Wolf C, Stellmacher J, Pettigrew TF. Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects. Social Psychology Quarterly. 2006;69(4):380-390.
Wagner, U., Wolf, C., Stellmacher, J., & Pettigrew, T. F. (2006). Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69(4), 380-390.
Wagner, U., Wolf, C., Stellmacher, J., and Pettigrew, T. F. (2006). Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects. Social Psychology Quarterly 69, 380-390.
Wagner, U., et al., 2006. Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69(4), p 380-390.
U. Wagner, et al., “Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects”, Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 69, 2006, pp. 380-390.
Wagner, U., Wolf, C., Stellmacher, J., Pettigrew, T.F.: Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects. Social Psychology Quarterly. 69, 380-390 (2006).
Wagner, Ulrich, Wolf, Carina, Stellmacher, Jost, and Pettigrew, T.F. “Prejudice and minority proportion: Contact instead of threat effects”. Social Psychology Quarterly 69.4 (2006): 380-390.
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