Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia

Alpers GW, Gerlach AL, Heinrichs N (2011)
Psychotherapeut 56(6): 535-548.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
From the evidence reported in the recent guidelines [Heinrichs et al. (2009) Evidenzbasierte Leitlinie zur Psychotherapie der Panikstorung mit und ohne Agoraphobie. Hogrefe, Gottingen] the following conclusions can be drawn with respect to the treatment of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, as well as for agoraphobia without panic disorder: Every psychotherapy should be preceded by suitable diagnostics and a case formulation. The effectiveness of every psychotherapy should be evaluated with well established measures. For the treatment of panic disorder without agoraphobia, cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) and applied relaxation have been shown to be effective (evidence grade 1). For panic disorder with agoraphobia, CBT, combination treatment (CBT plus medication), as well as panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy in the outpatient setting have shown short-term effectiveness (evidence grade 1). Longer lasting effects have been documented for CBT (evidence grade 1). For agoraphobia without panic disorder, CBT with a focus on situational exposure can be recommended (evidence grade 1).
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Alpers GW, Gerlach AL, Heinrichs N. Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Psychotherapeut. 2011;56(6):535-548.
Alpers, G. W., Gerlach, A. L., & Heinrichs, N. (2011). Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Psychotherapeut, 56(6), 535-548.
Alpers, G. W., Gerlach, A. L., and Heinrichs, N. (2011). Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Psychotherapeut 56, 535-548.
Alpers, G.W., Gerlach, A.L., & Heinrichs, N., 2011. Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Psychotherapeut, 56(6), p 535-548.
G.W. Alpers, A.L. Gerlach, and N. Heinrichs, “Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia”, Psychotherapeut, vol. 56, 2011, pp. 535-548.
Alpers, G.W., Gerlach, A.L., Heinrichs, N.: Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Psychotherapeut. 56, 535-548 (2011).
Alpers, Georg W., Gerlach, Alexander L., and Heinrichs, Nina. “Evidence-based psychotherapy of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia”. Psychotherapeut 56.6 (2011): 535-548.
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