Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest

Schleuning M, Farwig N, Bergsdorf T, Bleher B, Brandl R, Dalitz H, Fischer G, Freund W, Gikungu MW, Hagen M, Hita Garcia F, et al. (2011)
PLoS one 6(11).

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
All
Abstract
Forest fragmentation and selective logging are two main drivers of global environmental change and modify biodiversity and environmental conditions in many tropical forests. The consequences of these changes for the functioning of tropical forest ecosystems have rarely been explored in a comprehensive approach. In a Kenyan rainforest, we studied six animal-mediated ecosystem processes and recorded species richness and community composition of all animal taxa involved in these processes. We used linear models and a formal meta-analysis to test whether forest fragmentation and selective logging affected ecosystem processes and biodiversity and used structural equation models to disentangle direct from biodiversity-related indirect effects of human disturbance on multiple ecosystem processes. Fragmentation increased decomposition and reduced antbird predation, while selective logging consistently increased pollination, seed dispersal and army-ant raiding. Fragmentation modified species richness or community composition of five taxa, whereas selective logging did not affect any component of biodiversity. Changes in the abundance of functionally important species were related to lower predation by antbirds and higher decomposition rates in small forest fragments. The positive effects of selective logging on bee pollination, bird seed dispersal and army-ant raiding were direct, i.e. not related to changes in biodiversity, and were probably due to behavioural changes of these highly mobile animal taxa. We conclude that animal-mediated ecosystem processes respond in distinct ways to different types of human disturbance in Kakamega Forest. Our findings suggest that forest fragmentation affects ecosystem processes indirectly by changes in biodiversity, whereas selective logging influences processes directly by modifying local environmental conditions and resource distributions. The positive to neutral effects of selective logging on ecosystem processes show that the functionality of tropical forests can be maintained in moderately disturbed forest fragments. Conservation concepts for tropical forests should thus include not only remaining pristine forests but also functionally viable forest remnants.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Schleuning M, Farwig N, Bergsdorf T, et al. Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest. PLoS one. 2011;6(11).
Schleuning, M., Farwig, N., Bergsdorf, T., Bleher, B., Brandl, R., Dalitz, H., Fischer, G., et al. (2011). Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest. PLoS one, 6(11).
Schleuning, M., Farwig, N., Bergsdorf, T., Bleher, B., Brandl, R., Dalitz, H., Fischer, G., Freund, W., Gikungu, M. W., Hagen, M., et al. (2011). Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest. PLoS one 6.
Schleuning, M., et al., 2011. Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest. PLoS one, 6(11).
M. Schleuning, et al., “Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest”, PLoS one, vol. 6, 2011.
Schleuning, M., Farwig, N., Bergsdorf, T., Bleher, B., Brandl, R., Dalitz, H., Fischer, G., Freund, W., Gikungu, M.W., Hagen, M., Hita Garcia, F., Kagezi, G.H., Kaib, M., Kraemer, M., Lung, T., Naumann, C.M., Schaab, G., Templin, M., Uster, D., Wägele, J.W., Boehning-Gaese, K.: Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest. PLoS one. 6, (2011).
Schleuning, Matthias, Farwig, Nina, Bergsdorf, Thomas, Bleher, Bärbel, Brandl, Roland, Dalitz, Helmut, Fischer, Georg, Freund, Wolfram, Gikungu, Mary W., Hagen, Melanie, Hita Garcia, Francisco, Kagezi, Godfrey H., Kaib, Manfred, Kraemer, Manfred, Lung, Tobias, Naumann, Clas M., Schaab, Gertrud, Templin, Mathias, Uster, Dana, Wägele, J. Wolfgang, and Boehning-Gaese, Kathrin. “Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal-Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest”. PLoS one 6.11 (2011).
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

14 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Transmission ecology of rodent-borne diseases: New frontiers.
Bordes F, Blasdell K, Morand S., Integr Zool 10(5), 2015
PMID: 26176684
Habitat fragmentation alters the properties of a host-parasite network: rodents and their helminths in South-East Asia.
Bordes F, Morand S, Pilosof S, Claude J, Krasnov BR, Cosson JF, Chaval Y, Ribas A, Chaisiri K, Blasdell K, Herbreteau V, Dupuy S, Tran A., J Anim Ecol 84(5), 2015
PMID: 25777342
Cryptic function loss in animal populations.
McConkey KR, O'Farrill G., Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.) 30(4), 2015
PMID: 25678379
Mating patterns and pollinator mobility are critical traits in forest fragmentation genetics.
Breed MF, Ottewell KM, Gardner MG, Marklund MH, Dormontt EE, Lowe AJ., Heredity (Edinb) 115(2), 2015
PMID: 24002239
Maintaining ecosystem function and services in logged tropical forests.
Edwards DP, Tobias JA, Sheil D, Meijaard E, Laurance WF., Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.) 29(9), 2014
PMID: 25092495
Effects of forest disturbance and habitat loss on avian communities in a Neotropical biodiversity hotspot
Duraes R, Carrasco L, Smith TB, Karubian J., Biol. Conserv. 166(), 2013
PMID: IND500696705
Massive structural and compositional changes over two decades in forest fragments near Kampala, Uganda.
Bulafu C, Baranga D, Mucunguzi P, Telford RJ, Vandvik V., Ecol Evol 3(11), 2013
PMID: 24198941
Stable isotopes document resource partitioning and effects of forest disturbance on sympatric cheirogaleid lemurs.
Crowley BE, Blanco MB, Arrigo-Nelson SJ, Irwin MT., Naturwissenschaften 100(10), 2013
PMID: 24036664
Constant properties of plant-frugivore networks despite fluctuations in fruit and bird communities in space and time.
Plein M, Langsfeld L, Neuschulz EL, Schultheiss C, Ingmann L, Topfer T, Bohning-Gaese K, Schleuning M., Ecology 94(6), 2013
PMID: 23923493
Impacts of intensive logging on the trophic organisation of ant communities in a biodiversity hotspot.
Woodcock P, Edwards DP, Newton RJ, Vun Khen C, Bottrell SH, Hamer KC., PLoS ONE 8(4), 2013
PMID: 23593302

69 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Statistical issues in ecological meta-analyses.
Gurevitch J, Hedges LV., 1999
Conducting Meta-Analyses in R with the metafor Package.
Viechtbauer W., 2010
Vegan: community ecology package. R package version 1.17-4.
Oksanen J, Blanchet FG, Kindt R, Legendre P, O'Hara RG., 2010
Does species diversity limit productivity in natural grassland communities?
Grace JB, Michael Anderson T, Smith MD, Seabloom E, Andelman SJ, Meche G, Weiher E, Allain LK, Jutila H, Sankaran M, Knops J, Ritchie M, Willig MR., Ecol. Lett. 10(8), 2007
PMID: 17594423
The potential for species conservation in tropical secondary forests.
Chazdon RL, Peres CA, Dent D, Sheil D, Lugo AE, Lamb D, Stork NE, Miller SE., Conserv. Biol. 23(6), 2009
PMID: 20078641
Isolation from forest reduces pollination, seed predation and insect scavenging in Swiss farmland.
Farwig N, Bailey D, Bochud E, Herrmann JD, Kindler E., 2009
Matrix effects on plant-frugivore and plant-predator interactions in forest fragments.
Herrera JM, García D, Morales JM., 2011
Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented communities.
Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO., 1997
Avian diversity in a Kenyan agroecosystem: effects of habitat structure and proximity to forest.
Laube I, Breitbach N, Böhning-Gaese K., 2008
Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forests.
Bihn JH, Gebauer G, Brandl R., Ecology 91(3), 2010
PMID: 20426336
Effects of selective logging on the diversity and abundance of flowering and fruiting understory plants in a central Amazonian Forest.
Costa FRC, Magnusson WE., 2003
Role of remnant trees in seed dispersal through the matrix: being alone is not always so sad.
Herrera JM, García D., 2009
Foraging trip duration of bumblebees in relation to landscape-wide resource availability
WESTPHAL C, STEFFAN-DEWENTER I, TSCHARNTKE T., Ecol Entomol 31(4), 2006
PMID: IND43821847
Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity.
Gibson L, Lee TM, Koh LP, Brook BW, Gardner TA., 2011

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 22114695
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar