Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures

Feldscher B, Stammler A, Bögge H, Glaser T (2011)
Polyhedron 30(18): 3038-3047.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The synthesis and characterization of the extended phloroglucinol ligand H3felddien, its trinuclear NiII complex [(felddien)Ni3](BF4)3 and its trinuclear CuII complex [(felddien)Cu3](ClO4)3 is presented. Detailed NMR studies provide strong evidence that the ligand H3felddien has to be described as the N-protonated tautomer and not as the O-protonated tautomer, with strong contribution of a radialene-like keto-enamine resonance structure resulting in a Cs and a C3h isomer. The trinucleating tris(tetradentate) ligand provides three donor sets comprised of a phenolate, an imine, and two tertiary amine donors. This donor set enables the synthesis of the diamagnetic square-planar coordinated NiII complex [(felddien)Ni3](BF4)3 which provides the opportunity to perform detailed NMR spectroscopic characterizations for the evaluation of the electronic structure of the central phloroglucinol unit. In conjunction with a single-crystal X-ray diffraction and a UV–vis absorption spectroscopic analysis, these data indicate that in the coordinated form, the benzene-like phenolate-imine and the radialene-like keto-enamine resonance structures have contributions to the overall resonance hybrid. The weakening of the central π system as a consequence of the contribution of the keto-enamine resonance structure explains the relative small ferromagnetic interactions in the trinuclear CuII complex [(felddien)Cu3](ClO4)3. This detailed analysis identifies the strong resonance with unsaturated groups in 2,4,6 position of phloroglucinol as the main source for the low ferromagnetic couplings by the spin-polarization mechanism in all our extended phloroglucinol ligands. A replacement of the unsaturated imine functions by saturated amine functions may be a synthetic opportunity to enhance the ferromagnetic interactions by the spin-polarization mechanism in this ligand system.
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Feldscher B, Stammler A, Bögge H, Glaser T. Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures. Polyhedron. 2011;30(18):3038-3047.
Feldscher, B., Stammler, A., Bögge, H., & Glaser, T. (2011). Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures. Polyhedron, 30(18), 3038-3047.
Feldscher, B., Stammler, A., Bögge, H., and Glaser, T. (2011). Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures. Polyhedron 30, 3038-3047.
Feldscher, B., et al., 2011. Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures. Polyhedron, 30(18), p 3038-3047.
B. Feldscher, et al., “Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures”, Polyhedron, vol. 30, 2011, pp. 3038-3047.
Feldscher, B., Stammler, A., Bögge, H., Glaser, T.: Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures. Polyhedron. 30, 3038-3047 (2011).
Feldscher, Bastian, Stammler, Anja, Bögge, Hartmut, and Glaser, Thorsten. “Synthesis and characterization of trinuclear square-planar NiII3 and CuII3 complexes of an extended phloroglucinol ligand: Experimental evidence for the relative contributions of benzene-like and radialene-like resonance structures”. Polyhedron 30.18 (2011): 3038-3047.
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