Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows

Peuke AD, Jeschke WD, Dietz K-J, Schreiber L, Hartung W (1998)
New Phytologist 138(4): 675-687.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Following a precultivation with pedospheric nitrogen nutrition, nitrate or ammonium solutions were supplied to the shoots of Ricinus plants by spraying (during the experimental period) resulting in an increase of biotic/organic and abiotic/inorganic particles on the surface, which significantly increased wetting of the leaf surfaces. The distribution of particles on the surface of sprayed leaves, in particular crystals around and in stomata, indicated the possible entry of nutrients via thin water films through the stomatal pores in addition to diffusion through the cuticle. Ammonium was taken up more readily than nitrate by the foliage, but both at relatively low rates which caused N limitation. Interestingly, the inorganic N, both in the form of nitrate and even ammonium, was entirely assimilated in the shoots; phloem transport of inorganic N to the root was negligible. The flows of malate, and the acidification of the apoplastic washing solution of leaves in ammonium-sprayed plants pointed to the role of metabolism of malate and excretion of protons in maintaining pH during ammonium assimilation in the shoot. Ammonium-sprayed plants incorporated the N in the same amounts in shoots and roots, only 38% of the shoot borne N being recycled in the xylem. In nitrate-sprayed plants the root was not only favoured in N partitioning, but even a net export of previously incorporated N from the shoots occurred which reflected the N limitation. The N limitation also affected carbon metabolism, in particular the flows of C, incorporation in the shoot and photosynthesis, which were decreased when compared with data from recent experiments with pedospheric well fed Ricinus. However, there was little difference in C flows between nitrate and ammonium-sprayed plants with respect to respiration, C partitioning and, most interestingly, in relative stimulation of root growth. The loss of C from dark respiration of the shoots was high on a f. wt basis as well as in relative terms, owing to exclusive N assimilation in the shoot. In general the plants invested untargeted increases in root growth as a result of N limitation irrespective of the imposed artificial treatment which made the shoot the site of mineral N uptake.
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Peuke AD, Jeschke WD, Dietz K-J, Schreiber L, Hartung W. Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows. New Phytologist. 1998;138(4):675-687.
Peuke, A. D., Jeschke, W. D., Dietz, K. - J., Schreiber, L., & Hartung, W. (1998). Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows. New Phytologist, 138(4), 675-687.
Peuke, A. D., Jeschke, W. D., Dietz, K. - J., Schreiber, L., and Hartung, W. (1998). Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows. New Phytologist 138, 675-687.
Peuke, A.D., et al., 1998. Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows. New Phytologist, 138(4), p 675-687.
A.D. Peuke, et al., “Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows”, New Phytologist, vol. 138, 1998, pp. 675-687.
Peuke, A.D., Jeschke, W.D., Dietz, K.-J., Schreiber, L., Hartung, W.: Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows. New Phytologist. 138, 675-687 (1998).
Peuke, A. D., Jeschke, W. D., Dietz, Karl-Josef, Schreiber, L., and Hartung, W. “Foliar application of nitrate or ammonium as sole nitrogen supply in Ricinus communis - I. Carbon and nitrogen uptake and inflows”. New Phytologist 138.4 (1998): 675-687.
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