Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery

Noé R, Hoffmann S, Wördehoff C, Al-Bermani A, El-Darawy M (2011) , San Francisco, California, USA.

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Abstract
Polarization multiplexing and quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) both double spectral efficiency. Combined with synchronous coherent polarization diverse intradyne receivers this modulation format is ultra-robust and cost-efficient. A feedforward carrier recovery is required in order to tolerate phase noise of normal DFB lasers. Signal processing in the digital domain permits compensation of at least chromatic and polarization mode dispersion. Some companies have products on the market, others are working on them. For 100 GbE transmission, 50 GHz channel spacing is sufficient. 16ary quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) is attractive to double capacity once more, possibly in a modulation format flexible transponder which is switched down to QPSK only if system margin is too low. For 16-QAM the phase noise problem is sharply increased. However, also here a feedforward carrier recovery has been implemented. A number of carrier phase angles is tested in parallel, and the recovered data is selected for that phase angle where squared distance of recovered data to the nearest constellation point, averaged over a number of symbols, is minimum. An intradyne/selfhomodyne synchronous coherent 16-QAM experiment (2.5 Gb/s, 81 km) is presented.
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San Francisco, California, USA
Conference Date
2011-01-25
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Noé R, Hoffmann S, Wördehoff C, Al-Bermani A, El-Darawy M. Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery.
Noé, R., Hoffmann, S., Wördehoff, C., Al-Bermani, A., & El-Darawy, M. (2011). Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery. Presented at the , San Francisco, California, USA.
Noé, R., Hoffmann, S., Wördehoff, C., Al-Bermani, A., and El-Darawy, M. (2011).“Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery”, San Francisco, California, USA.
Noé, R., et al., 2011. Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery., San Francisco, California, USA.
R. Noé, et al., “Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery”, San Francisco, California, USA, Proc. SPIE 7960, 79600L, 2011.
Noé, R., Hoffmann, S., Wördehoff, C., Al-Bermani, A., El-Darawy, M.: Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery. , San Francisco, California, USA (2011).
Noé, Reinhold, Hoffmann, Sebastian, Wördehoff, Christian, Al-Bermani, Ali, and El-Darawy, Mohamed. “Advances in Coherent Optical Modems and 16-QAM Transmission with Feedforward Carrier Recovery”., San Francisco, California, USA, Proc. SPIE 7960, 79600L, 2011.
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