Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance

Schlosser N, Mensebach C, Rullkoetter N, Schaffrath C, Driessen M, Beblo T, Wingenfeld K (2011)
Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 199(9): 696-702.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Selective attention to negative stimuli has been discussed as being an essential characteristic of depressive disorder. Theories and empirical data, however, are contradictory. The present study addressed the question of whether depressive patients selectively attend to negatively valenced and personally relevant or irrelevant stimuli and whether they habituate to these stimuli. Thirty-one inpatients with major depressive disorder and 37 healthy controls participated in the study. They underwent a modification of the emotional Stroop paradigm. The results indicated that personally relevant stimuli evoked more pronounced Stroop interference than did stimuli without personal relevance in all subjects. Furthermore, habituation to personally relevant negative stimuli was seen in both depressive patients and control subjects. The present findings question a generally negative attentional bias as being a specific characteristic of depressive disorder. Furthermore, as depressed patients habituated to personally relevant negative stimuli, exposure therapy might be suitable for the treatment of depressive disorder.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease
Band
199
Zeitschriftennummer
9
Seite
696-702
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Schlosser N, Mensebach C, Rullkoetter N, et al. Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 2011;199(9):696-702.
Schlosser, N., Mensebach, C., Rullkoetter, N., Schaffrath, C., Driessen, M., Beblo, T., & Wingenfeld, K. (2011). Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 199(9), 696-702. doi:10.1097/NMD.0b013e318229d6cf
Schlosser, N., Mensebach, C., Rullkoetter, N., Schaffrath, C., Driessen, M., Beblo, T., and Wingenfeld, K. (2011). Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 199, 696-702.
Schlosser, N., et al., 2011. Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 199(9), p 696-702.
N. Schlosser, et al., “Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance”, Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, vol. 199, 2011, pp. 696-702.
Schlosser, N., Mensebach, C., Rullkoetter, N., Schaffrath, C., Driessen, M., Beblo, T., Wingenfeld, K.: Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 199, 696-702 (2011).
Schlosser, Nicole, Mensebach, Christoph, Rullkoetter, Nina, Schaffrath, Camille, Driessen, Martin, Beblo, Thomas, and Wingenfeld, Katja. “Selective Attention in Depression Influence of Emotionality and Personal Relevance”. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 199.9 (2011): 696-702.

4 Zitationen in Europe PMC

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PMID: 26522618
Inhibition of personally-relevant angry faces moderates the effect of empathy on interpersonal functioning.
Iacono V, Ellenbogen MA, Wilson AL, Desormeau P, Nijjar R., PLoS One 10(2), 2015
PMID: 25695426
Magnetization transfer imaging of suicidal patients with major depressive disorder.
Chen Z, Zhang H, Jia Z, Zhong J, Huang X, Du M, Chen L, Kuang W, Sweeney JA, Gong Q., Sci Rep 5(), 2015
PMID: 25853872
Mechanisms underlying neurocognitive dysfunctions in recurrent major depression.
Gałecki P, Talarowska M, Anderson G, Berk M, Maes M., Med Sci Monit 21(), 2015
PMID: 26017336

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