Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities

Spangler SM, Freitag C, Schwarzer G, Vierhaus M, Teubert M, Lamm B, Kolling T, Graf F, Goertz C, Fassbender I, Lohaus A, et al. (2011)
International Journal of Behavioral Development 35(5): 432-440.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether temperament and cognitive abilities are related to recognition performance of Caucasian and African faces and of a nonfacial stimulus class, Greebles. Seventy Caucasian infants were tested at 3 months with a habituation/dishabituation paradigm and their temperament and cognitive abilities were measured. Analyses revealed that only infants with easy temperament recognized familiar Greebles from the habituation phase. A similar pattern was found for cognitive abilities showing that only infants with higher cognitive abilities recognized Greebles. Irrespectively of temperament and cognitive abilities, all infants recognized the faces. Thus, the data suggest that recognition of unfamiliar Greebles, but not of faces, is demanding for 3-month-old infants with difficult temperament or lower cognitive abilities.
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Spangler SM, Freitag C, Schwarzer G, et al. Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 2011;35(5):432-440.
Spangler, S. M., Freitag, C., Schwarzer, G., Vierhaus, M., Teubert, M., Lamm, B., Kolling, T., et al. (2011). Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 35(5), 432-440.
Spangler, S. M., Freitag, C., Schwarzer, G., Vierhaus, M., Teubert, M., Lamm, B., Kolling, T., Graf, F., Goertz, C., Fassbender, I., et al. (2011). Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development 35, 432-440.
Spangler, S.M., et al., 2011. Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 35(5), p 432-440.
S.M. Spangler, et al., “Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities”, International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 35, 2011, pp. 432-440.
Spangler, S.M., Freitag, C., Schwarzer, G., Vierhaus, M., Teubert, M., Lamm, B., Kolling, T., Graf, F., Goertz, C., Fassbender, I., Lohaus, A., Knopf, M., Keller, H.: Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 35, 432-440 (2011).
Spangler, Sibylle M., Freitag, Claudia, Schwarzer, Gudrun, Vierhaus, Marc, Teubert, Manuel, Lamm, Bettina, Kolling, Thorsten, Graf, Frauke, Goertz, Claudia, Fassbender, Ina, Lohaus, Arnold, Knopf, Monika, and Keller, Heidi. “Recognition of faces and Greebles in 3-month-old infants: Influence of temperament and cognitive abilities”. International Journal of Behavioral Development 35.5 (2011): 432-440.
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