The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing

Biermann UM, Presper T, Koop T, Mössinger J, Crutzen PJ, Peter T (1996)
GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 23(13): 1693-1696.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ; ; ;
Abstract
Bulk freezing experiments have been performed with binary and ternary HNO3/H2SO4/H2O solutions containing original micrometeorites, ground samples of representative larger meteorites and other freezing nuclei of potential stratospheric importance. The experiments enable us to determine upper bounds for the heterogeneous freezing rates of sulfuric and nitric acid hydrates. Based on an analysis, of the meteoritic mass flux from space and of the modifications meteorites undergo when entering the atmosphere, the resulting morphology and surface area of extraterrestrial material in the stratosphere are estimated. From this micrometeorites gained from Antarctica are shown to be a good proxy for meteoritic surfaces in the stratosphere. In combination with this analysis the freezing experiments suggest that heterogeneous nucleation rates on micrometeorites ale too low to enhance freezing of polar stratospheric clouds above the frost point.
Publishing Year
ISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Biermann UM, Presper T, Koop T, Mössinger J, Crutzen PJ, Peter T. The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS. 1996;23(13):1693-1696.
Biermann, U. M., Presper, T., Koop, T., Mössinger, J., Crutzen, P. J., & Peter, T. (1996). The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 23(13), 1693-1696.
Biermann, U. M., Presper, T., Koop, T., Mössinger, J., Crutzen, P. J., and Peter, T. (1996). The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 23, 1693-1696.
Biermann, U.M., et al., 1996. The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 23(13), p 1693-1696.
U.M. Biermann, et al., “The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing”, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, vol. 23, 1996, pp. 1693-1696.
Biermann, U.M., Presper, T., Koop, T., Mössinger, J., Crutzen, P.J., Peter, T.: The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS. 23, 1693-1696 (1996).
Biermann, U. M., Presper, T., Koop, Thomas, Mössinger, J., Crutzen, P. J., and Peter, T. “The unsuitability of meteoritic and other nuclei for polar stratospheric cloud freezing”. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 23.13 (1996): 1693-1696.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Search this title in

Google Scholar