A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function

Antonin W, Holroyd C, Fasshauer D, Pabst S, Fischer von Mollard G, Jahn R (2000)
EMBO JOURNAL 19(23): 6453-6464.

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Abstract
Sets of SNARE proteins mediate membrane fusion by assembling into core complexes. Multiple SNAREs are thought to function in different intracellular trafficking steps but it is often unclear which of the SNAREs cooperate in individual fusion reactions. We report that syntaxin 7, syntasin 8, vti1b and endobrevin/ VAMP-8 form a complex that functions in the fusion of late endosomes. Antibodies specific for each protein coprecipitate the complex, inhibit homotypic fusion of late endosomes in vitro and retard delivery of endocytosed epidermal growth factor to lysosomes. The purified proteins form core complexes with biochemical and biophysical properties remarkably similar to the neuronal core complex, although each of the four proteins carries a transmembrane domain and three have independently folded N-terminal domains. Substitution experiments, sequence and structural comparisons revealed that each protein occupies a unique position in the complex, with syntaxin 7 corresponding to syntasin 1, and vti1b and syntaxin 8 corresponding to the N- and C-terminal domains of SNAP-25, respectively. We conclude that the structure of core complexes and their molecular mechanism in membrane fusion is highly conserved between distant SNAREs.
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Antonin W, Holroyd C, Fasshauer D, Pabst S, Fischer von Mollard G, Jahn R. A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function. EMBO JOURNAL. 2000;19(23):6453-6464.
Antonin, W., Holroyd, C., Fasshauer, D., Pabst, S., Fischer von Mollard, G., & Jahn, R. (2000). A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function. EMBO JOURNAL, 19(23), 6453-6464.
Antonin, W., Holroyd, C., Fasshauer, D., Pabst, S., Fischer von Mollard, G., and Jahn, R. (2000). A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function. EMBO JOURNAL 19, 6453-6464.
Antonin, W., et al., 2000. A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function. EMBO JOURNAL, 19(23), p 6453-6464.
W. Antonin, et al., “A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function”, EMBO JOURNAL, vol. 19, 2000, pp. 6453-6464.
Antonin, W., Holroyd, C., Fasshauer, D., Pabst, S., Fischer von Mollard, G., Jahn, R.: A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function. EMBO JOURNAL. 19, 6453-6464 (2000).
Antonin, W, Holroyd, C, Fasshauer, D, Pabst, S, Fischer von Mollard, Gabriele, and Jahn, R. “A SNARE complex mediating fusion of late endosomes defines conserved properties of SNARE structure and function”. EMBO JOURNAL 19.23 (2000): 6453-6464.
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PMID: 11101518
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