Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study

Akmatov MK, Mikolajczyk RT, Meier S, Krämer A (2011)
Journal of American College Health 59(7): 620-626.

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Abstract Objective: To assess alcohol use and problem drinking among university students in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) and to examine the associated factors. Method: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 16 universities in 2006-2007 in NRW by a standardized questionnaire and 3,306 students provided information (response rate of 88%). Problem drinking was measured by the CAGE questionnaire. Results: Alcohol consumption in the last 3 months was reported by >90 % of students. About 80% reported heavy drinking, and 20% displayed problem drinking. Male students, students living in residence halls, and students from sport faculties had a higher risk of heavy drinking and problem drinking. When students were compared across study years, frequency of heavy drinking decreased with higher semesters. Conclusions: Overall, heavy drinking and problem drinking are common among university students in this sample. Intervention programs should be designed for students at a particularly high risk.
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Akmatov MK, Mikolajczyk RT, Meier S, Krämer A. Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study. Journal of American College Health. 2011;59(7):620-626.
Akmatov, M. K., Mikolajczyk, R. T., Meier, S., & Krämer, A. (2011). Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study. Journal of American College Health, 59(7), 620-626.
Akmatov, M. K., Mikolajczyk, R. T., Meier, S., and Krämer, A. (2011). Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study. Journal of American College Health 59, 620-626.
Akmatov, M.K., et al., 2011. Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study. Journal of American College Health, 59(7), p 620-626.
M.K. Akmatov, et al., “Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study”, Journal of American College Health, vol. 59, 2011, pp. 620-626.
Akmatov, M.K., Mikolajczyk, R.T., Meier, S., Krämer, A.: Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study. Journal of American College Health. 59, 620-626 (2011).
Akmatov, Manas K., Mikolajczyk, Rafael T., Meier, Sabine, and Krämer, Alexander. “Alcohol Consumption Among University Students in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany-Results From a Multicenter Cross-sectional Study”. Journal of American College Health 59.7 (2011): 620-626.
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