Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell

Todea AM, Szakacs J, Konar S, Bögge H, Crans DC, Glaser T, Rousseliere H, Thouvenot R, Gouzerh P, Müller A (2011)
Chemistry 17(24): 6635-6642.

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Abstract
The present study refers to a variety of reduced metal-oxide core-shell hybrids, which are unique with regard to their electronic structure, their geometry, and their formation. They contain spherical {Mo(72)Fe(30)} Keplerate-type shells encapsulating Keggin-type polyoxomolybdates based on very weak interactions. Studies on the encapsulation of molybdosilicate as well as on the earlier reported molybdophosphate, coupled with the use of several physical methods for the characterization led to unprecedented results (see title). Upon standing in air at room temperature, acidified aqueous solutions obtained by dissolving sodium molybdate, iron(II) chloride, acetic acid, and molybdosilicic acid led to the precipitation of monoclinic greenish crystals (1). A rhombohedral variant (2) has also been observed. Upon drying at room temperature, compound 3 with a layer structure was obtained from 1 in a solid-state reaction based on cross-linking of the shells. The compounds 1, 2, and 3 have been characterized by a combination of methods including single-crystal X-ray crystallography, magnetic studies, as well as IR, Mossbauer, (resonance) Raman, and electronic absorption spectroscopy. In connection with detailed studies of the guest-free two-electron-reduced {Mo(72)Fe(30)}-type Keplerate (4) and of the previously reported molybdophosphate-based hybrids (including (31)P NMR spectroscopy results), it is unambiguously proved that 1, 2, and 3 contain non-reduced Keggin ion cores and reduced {Mo(72)Fe(30)}-type shells. The results are discussed in terms of redox considerations (the shell as well as the core can be reduced) including those related to the reduction of "molybdates" by Fe(II) being of interdisciplinary including catalytic interest (the Mo(VI)/Mo(V) and Fe(III)/Fe(II) couples have very close redox potentials!), while also referring to the special formation of the hybrids based on chemical Darwinism.
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Todea AM, Szakacs J, Konar S, et al. Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell. Chemistry. 2011;17(24):6635-6642.
Todea, A. M., Szakacs, J., Konar, S., Bögge, H., Crans, D. C., Glaser, T., Rousseliere, H., et al. (2011). Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell. Chemistry, 17(24), 6635-6642.
Todea, A. M., Szakacs, J., Konar, S., Bögge, H., Crans, D. C., Glaser, T., Rousseliere, H., Thouvenot, R., Gouzerh, P., and Müller, A. (2011). Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell. Chemistry 17, 6635-6642.
Todea, A.M., et al., 2011. Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell. Chemistry, 17(24), p 6635-6642.
A.M. Todea, et al., “Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell”, Chemistry, vol. 17, 2011, pp. 6635-6642.
Todea, A.M., Szakacs, J., Konar, S., Bögge, H., Crans, D.C., Glaser, T., Rousseliere, H., Thouvenot, R., Gouzerh, P., Müller, A.: Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell. Chemistry. 17, 6635-6642 (2011).
Todea, Ana Maria, Szakacs, Julia, Konar, Sanjit, Bögge, Hartmut, Crans, Debbie C., Glaser, Thorsten, Rousseliere, Helene, Thouvenot, Rene, Gouzerh, Pierre, and Müller, Achim. “Reduced Molybenum-Oxide-Based Core-Shell Hybrids: "Blue" Electrons Are Delocalized on the Shell”. Chemistry 17.24 (2011): 6635-6642.
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Electronic structure and soft-X-ray-induced photoreduction studies of iron-based magnetic polyoxometalates of type {(M)M5}12Fe(III)30 (M = Mo(VI), W(VI)).
Kuepper K, Derks C, Taubitz C, Prinz M, Joly L, Kappler JP, Postnikov A, Yang W, Kuznetsova TV, Wiedwald U, Ziemann P, Neumann M., Dalton Trans 42(22), 2013
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