The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective

Spieth H, Pörschmann U, Teiwes C (2011)
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY 108(3): 377-384.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
At the south western border of its extensive distribution, the multivoltine large white butterfly, Pieris brassicae L., is exceptional in undergoing summer diapause or aestivation. In all other regions investigated, P. brassicae pupae only hibernate. The transitional zone from non-aestivating to aestivating populations is a geographically stable region south of the Pyrenees. The restriction of this response to this region cannot be accounted for in terms of genetics as aestivation is intermediately inherited, with the heritability (h(2)) of aestivation in inbreeding lines between 0.35 and 0.77. Two hypotheses are presented to explain why this species does not aestivate in more northern regions. First, aestivation is a behaviour that serves to synchronize generations in areas where this species produces a high number of generations per year. Second, aestivation reduces the incidence of parasitism suffered by the butterfly by desynchronizing its life cycle from that of its main parasitoid, Cotesia glomerata. The two hypotheses are not mutually exclusive and both seem to be adaptive where the species is multivoltine.
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Spieth H, Pörschmann U, Teiwes C. The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY. 2011;108(3):377-384.
Spieth, H., Pörschmann, U., & Teiwes, C. (2011). The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY, 108(3), 377-384.
Spieth, H., Pörschmann, U., and Teiwes, C. (2011). The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY 108, 377-384.
Spieth, H., Pörschmann, U., & Teiwes, C., 2011. The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY, 108(3), p 377-384.
H. Spieth, U. Pörschmann, and C. Teiwes, “The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective”, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY, vol. 108, 2011, pp. 377-384.
Spieth, H., Pörschmann, U., Teiwes, C.: The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY. 108, 377-384 (2011).
Spieth, Hubert, Pörschmann, Ulrich, and Teiwes, Carola. “The occurrence of summer diapause in the large white butterfly Pieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): A geographical perspective”. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY 108.3 (2011): 377-384.
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