Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties

Jiang Y, Sun W, Yan M, Bahlawane N (2011)
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 509(29): 7798-7802.

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Abstract
High-quality uniform SnO2 thin films were successfully prepared by pulsed-spray evaporation chemical vapor deposition (PSE-CVD) method, using a cost-efficient precursor of (Bu2Sn)-Bu-n(acac)(2). The volatility and stability of (Bu2Sn)-Bu-n(acac)(2) were studied through thermogravimetric-differential thermal (TG-DTA) analysis and mass spectrometry, indicating the good adaptability for the CVD process. Deposition of SnO2 films was made in the range of 250-450 degrees C to investigate the effect of substrate temperature on their structural and physical properties. The film growth activation energy changes from 66.5 kJ/mol in the range of 250-330 degrees C to 0 kJ/mol at 330-450 degrees C, suggesting the change of the rate-limiting step from surface kinetics to diffusion control. All films possess the rutile-type tetragonal structure, while a change of preferred orientation from (1 1 0) to (1 0 1) plane is observed upon the increase of the deposition temperature. The different variation of the nucleation and growth rates with the deposition temperature is proposed to explain the observed unusual change of crystallite size. A significant deterioration of the electrical conductivity was observed upon the increase of the deposition temperature, which was tentatively attributed to the non-specific decomposition of the precursor at high temperature leading to carbon contamination. Optical measurements show transparencies above 80% in the visible spectral range for all films, while band gap energy increases from 4.02 eV to 4.08 eV when the deposition temperature was raised from 250 degrees C to 450 degrees C. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Jiang Y, Sun W, Yan M, Bahlawane N. Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS. 2011;509(29):7798-7802.
Jiang, Y., Sun, W., Yan, M., & Bahlawane, N. (2011). Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 509(29), 7798-7802.
Jiang, Y., Sun, W., Yan, M., and Bahlawane, N. (2011). Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 509, 7798-7802.
Jiang, Y., et al., 2011. Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 509(29), p 7798-7802.
Y. Jiang, et al., “Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties”, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, vol. 509, 2011, pp. 7798-7802.
Jiang, Y., Sun, W., Yan, M., Bahlawane, N.: Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS. 509, 7798-7802 (2011).
Jiang, Yinzhu, Sun, Wenping, Yan, Mi, and Bahlawane, Naoufal. “Application of n-(Bu2)Sn(acac)2 for the deposition of nanocrystallite SnO2 films: Nucleation, growth and physical properties”. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 509.29 (2011): 7798-7802.
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