Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture.

Widera D, Heimann P, Zander C, Imielski Y, Heidbreder M, Heilemann M, Kaltschmidt C, Kaltschmidt B (2011)
STEM CELLS AND Development 20(12): 2053-2064.

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Adult neural crest related-stem cells persist in adulthood, making them an ideal and easily accessible source of multipotent cells for potential clinical use. Recently, we reported the presence of neural crest-related stem cells within adult palatal ridges, thus raising the question of their localization in their endogenous niche. Using immunocytochemistry, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and correlative fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy, we identified myelinating Schwann cells within palatal ridges as a putative neural crest stem cell source. Palatal Schwann cells expressed nestin, p75(NTR), and S100. Correlative fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy revealed the exclusive nestin expression within myelinating Schwann cells. Palatal neural crest stem cells and nestin-positive Schwann cells isolated from adult sciatic nerves were able to grow under serum-free conditions as neurospheres in presence of FGF-2 and EGF. Spheres of palatal and sciatic origin showed overlapping expression pattern of neural crest stem cell and Schwann cell markers. Expression of the pluripotency factors Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, Oct4, the NF-κB subunits p65, p50, and the NF-κB-inhibitor IκB-β were up-regulated in conventionally cultivated sciatic nerve Schwann cells and in neurosphere cultures. Finally, neurospheres of palatal and sciatic origin were able to differentiate into ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal cell types emphasizing their multipotency. Taken together, we show that nestin-positive myelinating Schwann cells can be reprogrammed into multipotent adult neural crest stem cells under appropriate culture conditions.
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Widera D, Heimann P, Zander C, et al. Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture. STEM CELLS AND Development. 2011;20(12):2053-2064.
Widera, D., Heimann, P., Zander, C., Imielski, Y., Heidbreder, M., Heilemann, M., Kaltschmidt, C., et al. (2011). Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture. STEM CELLS AND Development, 20(12), 2053-2064.
Widera, D., Heimann, P., Zander, C., Imielski, Y., Heidbreder, M., Heilemann, M., Kaltschmidt, C., and Kaltschmidt, B. (2011). Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture. STEM CELLS AND Development 20, 2053-2064.
Widera, D., et al., 2011. Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture. STEM CELLS AND Development, 20(12), p 2053-2064.
D. Widera, et al., “Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture.”, STEM CELLS AND Development, vol. 20, 2011, pp. 2053-2064.
Widera, D., Heimann, P., Zander, C., Imielski, Y., Heidbreder, M., Heilemann, M., Kaltschmidt, C., Kaltschmidt, B.: Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture. STEM CELLS AND Development. 20, 2053-2064 (2011).
Widera, Darius, Heimann, Peter, Zander, Christin, Imielski, Yvonne, Heidbreder, Meike, Heilemann, Mike, Kaltschmidt, Christian, and Kaltschmidt, Barbara. “Schwann Cells can be reprogrammed to multipotency by culture.”. STEM CELLS AND Development 20.12 (2011): 2053-2064.
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