Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters

Kreysa H, Knoeferle P (2011)
In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Carlson L, Hoelscher C, Shipley T (Eds);Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society: 1557-1562.

Conference Paper | Published | English

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Editor
Carlson, L. ; Hoelscher, C. ; Shipley, T.
Abstract
Listeners can use speakers’ gaze to anticipate upcoming referents. We examined whether this listener benefit is affected by different comprehension subtasks. A video-taped speaker referred to depicted characters, using either a subject-verb-object or a non-canonical object-verb-subject German sentence. She shifted gaze once from the pre-verbal to the post-verbal referent, a behavior that could allow listeners to anticipate which character would be mentioned next. We recorded participants’ eye movements to the characters during comprehension, as well as post-sentence verification times on whether a subsequent schematic depiction correctly highlighted the patient (Experiment 1) or the thematic role relations of the sentence (Experiment 2). Sentence structure affected response times only when verifying thematic roles. The eye movement data also showed reliable differences between tasks, regarding effects of sentence structure and their modulation by speaker gaze. We argue that processing accounts of situated comprehension must consider task effects on the allocation of visual attention.
Publishing Year
Conference
Annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society 2011
Location
Boston, MA
Conference Date
2011-07-20/2011-07-23
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Kreysa H, Knoeferle P. Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters. In: Carlson L, Hoelscher C, Shipley T, eds. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society; 2011: 1557-1562.
Kreysa, H., & Knoeferle, P. (2011). Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters. In L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1557-1562). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Kreysa, H., and Knoeferle, P. (2011). “Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters” in Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, ed. L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, and T. Shipley (Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society), 1557-1562.
Kreysa, H., & Knoeferle, P., 2011. Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters. In L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, & T. Shipley, eds. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society, pp. 1557-1562.
H. Kreysa and P. Knoeferle, “Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters”, Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, and T. Shipley, eds., Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society, 2011, pp.1557-1562.
Kreysa, H., Knoeferle, P.: Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters. In: Carlson, L., Hoelscher, C., and Shipley, T. (eds.) Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. p. 1557-1562. Cognitive Science Society, Austin, TX (2011).
Kreysa, Helene, and Knoeferle, Pia. “Effects of speaker gaze on spoken language comprehension: Task matters”. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Ed. L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, and T. Shipley. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society, 2011. 1557-1562.
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