Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot

Spexard TP, Hanheide M, Sagerer G (2007)
IEEE Transactions on Robotics 23(5): 852-862.

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Abstract
A very important aspect in developing robots capable of human-robot interaction (HRI) is the research in natural, human-like communication, and subsequently, the development of a research platform with multiple HRI capabilities for evaluation. Besides a flexible dialog system and speech understanding, an anthropomorphic appearance has the potential to support intuitive usage and understanding of a robot, e.g., human-like facial expressions and deictic gestures can as well be produced and also understood by the robot. As a consequence of our effort in creating an anthropomorphic appearance and to come close to a human- human interaction model for a robot, we decided to use human-like sensors, i.e., two cameras and two microphones only, in analogy to human perceptual capabilities too. Despite the challenges resulting from these limits with respect to perception, a robust attention system for tracking and interacting with multiple persons simultaneously in real time is presented. The tracking approach is sufficiently generic to work on robots with varying hardware, as long as stereo audio data and images of a video camera are available. To easily implement different interaction capabilities like deictic gestures, natural adaptive dialogs, and emotion awareness on the robot, we apply a modular integration approach utilizing XML-based data exchange. The paper focuses on our efforts to bring together different interaction concepts and perception capabilities integrated on a humanoid robot to achieve comprehending human-oriented interaction.
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Spexard TP, Hanheide M, Sagerer G. Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot. IEEE Transactions on Robotics. 2007;23(5):852-862.
Spexard, T. P., Hanheide, M., & Sagerer, G. (2007). Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot. IEEE Transactions on Robotics, 23(5), 852-862.
Spexard, T. P., Hanheide, M., and Sagerer, G. (2007). Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot. IEEE Transactions on Robotics 23, 852-862.
Spexard, T.P., Hanheide, M., & Sagerer, G., 2007. Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot. IEEE Transactions on Robotics, 23(5), p 852-862.
T.P. Spexard, M. Hanheide, and G. Sagerer, “Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot”, IEEE Transactions on Robotics, vol. 23, 2007, pp. 852-862.
Spexard, T.P., Hanheide, M., Sagerer, G.: Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot. IEEE Transactions on Robotics. 23, 852-862 (2007).
Spexard, Thorsten P., Hanheide, Marc, and Sagerer, Gerhard. “Human-Oriented Interaction With an Anthropomorphic Robot”. IEEE Transactions on Robotics 23.5 (2007): 852-862.
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