IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes

Schlüter A, Krahn I, Kollin F, Bonemann G, Stiens M, Szczepanowski R, Schneiker-Bekel S, Pühler A (2007)
Appl Environ Microbiol 73(20): 6345-6350.

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Abstract
Plasmid pGNB1 was isolated from bacteria residing in the activated sludge compartment of a wastewater treatment plant by using a transformation-based approach. This 60-kb plasmid confers resistance to the triphenylmethane dye crystal violet and enables its host bacterium to decolorize crystal violet. Partial sequencing of pGNB1 revealed that its backbone is very similar to that of previously sequenced IncP-1beta plasmids. The two accessory regions of the plasmid, one located downstream of the replication initiation gene trfA and the other located between the conjugative transfer modules Tra and Trb, were completely sequenced. Accessory region L1 contains a transposon related to Tn5501 and a gene encoding a Cupin 2 conserved barrel protein with an unknown function. The triphenylmethane reductase gene tmr and a truncated dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase gene that is flanked by IS1071 and another putative insertion element were identified in accessory region L2. Subcloning of the pGNB1 tmr gene demonstrated that this gene is responsible for the observed crystal violet resistance phenotype and mediates decolorization of the triphenylmethane dyes crystal violet, malachite green, and basic fuchsin. Plasmid pGNB1 and the associated phenotype are transferable to the alpha-proteobacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti and the gamma-proteobacterium Escherichia coli. This is the first report of a promiscuous IncP-1beta plasmid isolated from the bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant that harbors a triphenylmethane reductase gene. The pGNB1-encoded enzyme activity is discussed with respect to bioremediation of sewage polluted with triphenylmethane dyes.
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Schlüter A, Krahn I, Kollin F, et al. IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73(20):6345-6350.
Schlüter, A., Krahn, I., Kollin, F., Bonemann, G., Stiens, M., Szczepanowski, R., Schneiker-Bekel, S., et al. (2007). IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes. Appl Environ Microbiol, 73(20), 6345-6350.
Schlüter, A., Krahn, I., Kollin, F., Bonemann, G., Stiens, M., Szczepanowski, R., Schneiker-Bekel, S., and Pühler, A. (2007). IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes. Appl Environ Microbiol 73, 6345-6350.
Schlüter, A., et al., 2007. IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes. Appl Environ Microbiol, 73(20), p 6345-6350.
A. Schlüter, et al., “IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 73, 2007, pp. 6345-6350.
Schlüter, A., Krahn, I., Kollin, F., Bonemann, G., Stiens, M., Szczepanowski, R., Schneiker-Bekel, S., Pühler, A.: IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 73, 6345-6350 (2007).
Schlüter, Andreas, Krahn, Irene, Kollin, Florian, Bonemann, Gabriele, Stiens, Michael, Szczepanowski, Rafael, Schneiker-Bekel, Susanne, and Pühler, Alfred. “IncP-1-beta plasmid pGNB1 isolated from a bacterial community from a wastewater treatment plant mediates decolorization of triphenylmethane dyes”. Appl Environ Microbiol 73.20 (2007): 6345-6350.
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