Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification

Knoeferle P, Urbach TP, Kutas M (2011)
Psychophysiology 48(4): 495-506.

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To re-establish picture-sentence verification-discredited possibly for its over-reliance on post-sentence response time (RT) measures-as a task for situated comprehension, we collected event-related brain potentials (ERPs) as participants read a subject-verb-object sentence, and RTs indicating whether or not the verb matched a previously depicted action. For mismatches (vs. matches), speeded RTs were longer, verb N400s over centro-parietal scalp larger, and ERPs to the object noun more negative. RTs (congruence effect) correlated inversely with the centro-parietal verb N400s, and positively with the object ERP congruence effects. Verb N400s, object ERPs, and verbal working memory scores predicted more variance in RT effects (50%) than N400s alone. Thus, (1) verification processing is not all post-sentence; (2) simple priming cannot account for these results; and (3) verification tasks can inform studies of situated comprehension.
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Knoeferle P, Urbach TP, Kutas M. Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification. Psychophysiology. 2011;48(4):495-506.
Knoeferle, P., Urbach, T. P., & Kutas, M. (2011). Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification. Psychophysiology, 48(4), 495-506.
Knoeferle, P., Urbach, T. P., and Kutas, M. (2011). Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification. Psychophysiology 48, 495-506.
Knoeferle, P., Urbach, T.P., & Kutas, M., 2011. Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification. Psychophysiology, 48(4), p 495-506.
P. Knoeferle, T.P. Urbach, and M. Kutas, “Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification”, Psychophysiology, vol. 48, 2011, pp. 495-506.
Knoeferle, P., Urbach, T.P., Kutas, M.: Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification. Psychophysiology. 48, 495-506 (2011).
Knoeferle, Pia, Urbach, Thomas P., and Kutas, Marta. “Comprehending how visual context influences incremental sentence processing: Insights from ERPs and picture-sentence verification”. Psychophysiology 48.4 (2011): 495-506.
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