Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives

Mitzel NW, Schmidbaur H, Rankin DWH, Smart BA, Hofmann M, Schleyer PV (1997)
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 36(20): 4360-4368.

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Abstract
An optimized synthetic procedure for alpha,omega-bis (bromosilyl)alkanes, BrH2Si(CH2)(w)SiH2Br (with n = 2 and 3), is proposed. I,2-Bis(bromosilyl)ethane reacts with ammonia to give 1,4-bis(1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane-1-yl)-1,4-disilabutane, traces of 1,6-diaza-2,5,7,10,11,14-hexasilabicyclo[4.4.4]tetradecane and nonvolatile products. The primary reaction products undergo slow redistribution reactions whereby (1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane-1-yl)-1,4-disilabutane is formed as the major product. Reactions of alpha,omega-bis(bromosilyl)alkanes, BrH2Si(CH2)(n)SiH2Br (with n = 2 and 3), with isopropylamine afford the heterocycles 1-isopropyl-1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane and 1-isopropyl-1-aza-2,6-disilacyclohexane, whereas the analogous reaction with bis(bromosilyl)methane gives 1,5-diisopropyl-1,5-diaza-2,4,6,8-tetrasilacyclooctane rather than a four-membered ring compound. All compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, and IR and NMR spectroscopy [H-1, C-13, N-15 and Si-29 including the measurement of (1)J((SiN)-Si-29-N-15) coupling constants]. The molecular structure of 1-isopropyl-1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane, determined by analysis of gas-phase electron-diffraction data augmented by restraints derived from ab initio calculations, is compared with the molecular structure of the isoelectronic 1-(dimethylamino)-1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane . The latter also was determined by gas-phase electron-diffraction (Supported by nb initio calculations) and by low-temperature crystallography. The presence of a beta-donor Si...N interaction in the tatter compound, leading to a narrow Si-N-N angle, is apparent from a significant distortion of the molecular structure as compared with the isoelectronic reference compound.
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Mitzel NW, Schmidbaur H, Rankin DWH, Smart BA, Hofmann M, Schleyer PV. Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 1997;36(20):4360-4368.
Mitzel, N. W., Schmidbaur, H., Rankin, D. W. H., Smart, B. A., Hofmann, M., & Schleyer, P. V. (1997). Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 36(20), 4360-4368.
Mitzel, N. W., Schmidbaur, H., Rankin, D. W. H., Smart, B. A., Hofmann, M., and Schleyer, P. V. (1997). Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 36, 4360-4368.
Mitzel, N.W., et al., 1997. Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 36(20), p 4360-4368.
N.W. Mitzel, et al., “Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives”, INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 36, 1997, pp. 4360-4368.
Mitzel, N.W., Schmidbaur, H., Rankin, D.W.H., Smart, B.A., Hofmann, M., Schleyer, P.V.: Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 36, 4360-4368 (1997).
Mitzel, Norbert W., Schmidbaur, H, Rankin, DWH, Smart, BA, Hofmann, M, and Schleyer, PV. “Synthesis of volatile cyclic silylamines and the molecular structures of two 1-aza-2,5-disilacyclopentane derivatives”. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 36.20 (1997): 4360-4368.
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