The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine

Mitzel NW (1998)
JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS (19): 3239-3242.

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Abstract
The solid state structure of the low-melting compound Cl2P-NMe2 was determined by X-ray diffraction using an in situ grown single crystal. Two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit have very similar geometries with planar co-ordination at their nitrogen atoms and the C2NP unit almost coinciding with the approximate molecular plane of symmetry. According to ab initio calculations up to the MP2/6-311G** level of theory the structure in the solid state corresponds to a transition state of inversion of the nitrogen pyramid, which is about 3.1 kJ mol(-1) higher in energy than the ground state. The calculated ground state is of C-1 symmetry with a gauche arrangement of the NMe2 group. Both conformations of Cl2P-NMe2 are at variance to that determined by gas-phase electron diffraction in 1966, with a planar Me2NP group being oriented perpendicular to the plane of symmetry. The calculations predict the latter structure not to be a stationary point on the potential hypersurface. The preference for the C-s structure of Cl2P-NMe2 in the crystal can be rationalised by the molecular dipole moments which are larger for the C-s structure than for the C-1 ground state. The results are discussed in comparison to the structure of F2P-NMe2 which was determined earlier in the gaseous and solid state, also with different geometries. New ab initio calculations for F2P-NMe2 are provided favouring C-1 symmetry, but showing the molecule to have a very small barrier to inversion of the nitrogen centre if any.
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Mitzel NW. The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS. 1998;(19):3239-3242.
Mitzel, N. W. (1998). The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS(19), 3239-3242.
Mitzel, N. W. (1998). The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 3239-3242.
Mitzel, N.W., 1998. The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, (19), p 3239-3242.
N.W. Mitzel, “The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine”, JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 1998, pp. 3239-3242.
Mitzel, N.W.: The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS. 3239-3242 (1998).
Mitzel, Norbert W. “The molecular structure of dichloro(dimethylamino)phosphine”. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS 19 (1998): 3239-3242.
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