Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase

Mitzel NW, Page EM, Rice DA (2000)
JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS 9(9): 1491-1497.

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Abstract
N-Trimethylsilylaziridine, Me3SiNC2H4 1, prepared by a literature procedure has been studied by gas-phase IR and NMR spectroscopy of the nuclei H-1, C-13, N-15, Si-29. The molecular structure of 1 has been determined in the gas phase by analysis of electron diffraction (GED) data augmented by geometric and vibrational amplitude restraints derived from ab initio calculations employing the second order Moller-Plesset (MP2) level of theory and the 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The molecule was found to adopt C-s symmetry and has a pyramidal arrangement around the nitrogen atom with a slightly elongated Si-N bond [1.770(4) Angstrom], relative to those in other Si-N species having a planar nitrogen co-ordination. The results for the principal distances (r(a)) and angles from the combined GED/ab initio study of Me3SiNC2H4 are (uncertainties: one sigma): r(Si-N) = 1.770(4), r(Si-Cin-plane) = 1.868(4), r(Si-Cout-of-plane) = 1.881(2), r(C-N) = 1.459(3) Angstrom, C-N-C 61.1(5), N-Si-Cin-plane 109.7(7), N-Si-Cout-of-plane 107.8(10), Si-N-C 121.9(4)degrees. The structure data are complemented by natural bond orbital analyses, and calculation of the barrier to inversion at the nitrogen centre, which is predicted to be 21.4 kJ mol(-1). Calculations on the simpler model compound H3SiNC2H4 [up to QCISD/6-311G(d,p)] gave geometrical and energetic results similar to those of 1. The steeply pyramidal nitrogen co-ordination is attributed to the strain of the aziridine ring, as was found by comparison with the results of other calculations on acyclic systems and those with larger rings.
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Mitzel NW, Page EM, Rice DA. Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS. 2000;9(9):1491-1497.
Mitzel, N. W., Page, E. M., & Rice, D. A. (2000). Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 9(9), 1491-1497.
Mitzel, N. W., Page, E. M., and Rice, D. A. (2000). Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS 9, 1491-1497.
Mitzel, N.W., Page, E.M., & Rice, D.A., 2000. Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 9(9), p 1491-1497.
N.W. Mitzel, E.M. Page, and D.A. Rice, “Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase”, JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1491-1497.
Mitzel, N.W., Page, E.M., Rice, D.A.: Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS. 9, 1491-1497 (2000).
Mitzel, Norbert W., Page, EM, and Rice, DA. “Molecular structure of N-trimethylsilylaziridine in the gas phase”. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS 9.9 (2000): 1491-1497.
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