Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement

Onyut LP, Neuner F, Schauer E, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer M, Elbert T (2005)
BMC Psychiatry 5: 7-7.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ; ; ; ;
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Little data exists on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that has resulted from exposure to war or conflict-related violence, especially in non-industrialized countries. We created and evaluated the efficacy of KIDNET, a child-friendly version of Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET), as a short-term treatment for children. METHODS: Six Somali children suffering from PTSD aged 12-17 years resident in a refugee settlement in Uganda were treated with four to six individual sessions of KIDNET by expert clinicians. Symptoms of PTSD and depression were assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment and at nine months follow-up using the CIDI Sections K and E. RESULTS: Important symptom reduction was evident immediately after treatment and treatment outcomes were sustained at the 9-month follow-up. All patients completed therapy, reported functioning gains and could be helped to reconstruct their traumatic experiences into a narrative with the use of illustrative material. CONCLUSIONS: NET may be safe and effective to treat children with war related PTSD in the setting of refugee settlements in developing countries.
Publishing Year
PUB-ID

Cite this

Onyut LP, Neuner F, Schauer E, et al. Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMC Psychiatry. 2005;5:7-7.
Onyut, L. P., Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, M., & Elbert, T. (2005). Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMC Psychiatry, 5, 7-7.
Onyut, L. P., Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, M., and Elbert, T. (2005). Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMC Psychiatry 5, 7-7.
Onyut, L.P., et al., 2005. Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMC Psychiatry, 5, p 7-7.
L.P. Onyut, et al., “Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement”, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 5, 2005, pp. 7-7.
Onyut, L.P., Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, M., Elbert, T.: Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement. BMC Psychiatry. 5, 7-7 (2005).
Onyut, Lamaro P., Neuner, Frank, Schauer, Elisabeth, Ertl, Verena, Odenwald, Michael, Schauer, Margarete, and Elbert, Thomas. “Narrative Exposure Therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement”. BMC Psychiatry 5 (2005): 7-7.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

17 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy and global health.
Moster RL, Katz CL., Psychodyn Psychiatry 42(4), 2014
PMID: 25494584
A comparison of Narrative Exposure Therapy and Prolonged Exposure therapy for PTSD.
Morkved N, Hartmann K, Aarsheim LM, Holen D, Milde AM, Bomyea J, Thorp SR., Clin Psychol Rev 34(6), 2014
PMID: 25047447
Interventions for children affected by war: an ecological perspective on psychosocial support and mental health care.
Betancourt TS, Meyers-Ohki SE, Charrow AP, Tol WA., Harv Rev Psychiatry 21(2), 2013
PMID: 23656831
The emerging evidence for Narrative Exposure Therapy: a review.
Robjant K, Fazel M., Clin Psychol Rev 30(8), 2010
PMID: 20832922
Narrative exposure therapy for 7- to 16-year-olds: a randomized controlled trial with traumatized refugee children.
Ruf M, Schauer M, Neuner F, Catani C, Schauer E, Elbert T., J Trauma Stress 23(4), 2010
PMID: 20684019
Evaluation of a classroom-based psychosocial intervention in conflict-affected Nepal: a cluster randomized controlled trial.
Jordans MJ, Komproe IH, Tol WA, Kohrt BA, Luitel NP, Macy RD, de Jong JT., J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51(7), 2010
PMID: 20102428
Effectiveness and specificity of a classroom-based group intervention in children and adolescents exposed to war in Lebanon.
Karam EG, Fayyad J, Nasser Karam A, Cordahi Tabet C, Melhem N, Mneimneh Z, Dimassi H., World Psychiatry 7(2), 2008
PMID: 18560511
Beyond individual war trauma: domestic violence against children in Afghanistan and Sri Lanka.
Catani C, Schauer E, Neuner F., J Marital Fam Ther 34(2), 2008
PMID: 18412824

48 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Developing a culturally and ecologically sound intervention program for youth exposed to war and terrorism
Saltzman WR, Layne CM, Steinberg AM, Arslanagic B, Pynoos RS., 2003
Post traumatic stress disorder reactions in children of war: a longitudinal study.
Thabet AA, Vostanis P., Child Abuse Negl 24(2), 2000
PMID: 10695524
Treating child abuse-related posttraumatic stress and comorbid substance abuse in adolescents.
Cohen JA, Mannarino AP, Zhitova AC, Capone ME., Child Abuse Negl 27(12), 2003
PMID: 14644054
Early intervention with traumatized children.
Silva RR, Cloitre M, Davis L, Levitt J, Gomez S, Ngai I, Brown E., Psychiatr Q 74(4), 2003
PMID: 14686458
Treating sexually abused children with posttraumatic stress symptoms: a randomized clinical trial.
King NJ, Tonge BJ, Mullen P, Myerson N, Heyne D, Rollings S, Martin R, Ollendick TH., J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 39(11), 2000
PMID: 11068889
Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder after a single-incident stressor.
March JS, Amaya-Jackson L, Murray MC, Schulte A., J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 37(6), 1998
PMID: 9628078
A mental health intervention for schoolchildren exposed to violence: a randomized controlled trial.
Stein BD, Jaycox LH, Kataoka SH, Wong M, Tu W, Elliott MN, Fink A., JAMA 290(5), 2003
PMID: 12902363
Outcome of psychotherapy among early adolescents after trauma.
Goenjian AK, Karayan I, Pynoos RS, Minassian D, Najarian LM, Steinberg AM, Fairbanks LA., Am J Psychiatry 154(4), 1997
PMID: 9090342
Treatment of children and adolescents
Cohen JA, Berliner L, March JS., 2000
Group psychotherapy for adolescent survivors of homicide victims: a pilot study.
Salloum A, Avery L, McClain RP., J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40(11), 2001
PMID: 11699799
Posttraumatic stress disorder--effects of psychosocial treatment in children.
Selimbasic Z, Pavlovic S, Sinanovic O, Vesnic S, Petrovic M, Ferkovic V, Cipurkovic-Mustacevic A., Med Arh 55(1 Suppl 1), 2001
PMID: 11795189
Testimony psychotherapy in Bosnian refugees: a pilot study.
Weine SM, Kulenovic AD, Pavkovic I, Gibbons R., Am J Psychiatry 155(12), 1998
PMID: 9842782
Posttraumatic stress disorder in the general population and in children.
Yule W., J Clin Psychiatry 62 Suppl 17(), 2001
PMID: 11495092
Testimony-Therapy als Psychotherapie für Überlebende staatlicher Gewalt (translation of title: 'testimony-therapie for survivors of state-sponsored violence')
Neuner F, Schauer M, Elbert T., 2001
A Narrative Exposure Treatment as intervention in a Macedonian refugee camp: A Case Report
Neuner F, Schauer M, Elbert T, Roth WT., 2002

Schauer M, Neuner F, Elbert T., 2005
Narrative exposure therapy in children: a case study
Schauer E, Neuner F, Elbert T, Ertl V, Onyut LP, Odenwald M, Schauer M., 2004
The Nakivale camp mental health project: building local competency for psychological assistance to traumatised refugees
Onyut LP, Neuner F, Schauer E, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer M, Elbert T., 2004

Foa EB., 1995
The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL): A self-report Symptom Inventory
Derogatis LR, Lipman RS, Rickels K, Uhlenhuth EH, Covi L., 1974

(WHO) WHO., 1997

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 15691374
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar