Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial

Neuner F, Onyut LP, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer E, Elbert T (2008)
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 76(4): 686-694.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ; ; ;
Abstract
Traumatic stress due to conflict and war causes major mental health problems in many resource-poor countries. The objective of this study was to examine whether trained lay counselors can carry out effective treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a refugee settlement. In a randomized controlled dissemination trial in Uganda with 277 Rwandan and Somalian refugees who were diagnosed with PTSD the authors investigated the effectiveness of psychotherapy administered by lay counselors. Strictly manualized narrative exposure therapy (NET) was compared with more flexible trauma counseling (TC) and a no-treatment monitoring group (MG). Fewer participants (4%) dropped out of NET treatment than TC (21%). Both active treatment groups were statistically and clinically superior to MG on PTSD symptoms and physical health but did not differ from each other. At follow-up, a PTSD diagnosis could not be established anymore in 70% of NET and 65% TC participants, whereas only 37% in MG did not meet PTSD criteria anymore. Short-term psychotherapy carried out by lay counselors with limited training can be effective to treat war-related PTSD in a refugee settlement.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Neuner F, Onyut LP, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer E, Elbert T. Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2008;76(4):686-694.
Neuner, F., Onyut, L. P., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, E., & Elbert, T. (2008). Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(4), 686-694.
Neuner, F., Onyut, L. P., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, E., and Elbert, T. (2008). Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 76, 686-694.
Neuner, F., et al., 2008. Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(4), p 686-694.
F. Neuner, et al., “Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial”, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 76, 2008, pp. 686-694.
Neuner, F., Onyut, L.P., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, E., Elbert, T.: Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 76, 686-694 (2008).
Neuner, Frank, Onyut, Lamaro P., Ertl, Verena, Odenwald, Michael, Schauer, Elisabeth, and Elbert, Thomas. “Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counselors in an African refugee settlement: a randomized controlled trial”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 76.4 (2008): 686-694.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

62 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Efficacy of Narrative Writing as an Intervention for PTSD: Does the Evidence Support Its Use?
Sloan DM, Sawyer AT, Lowmaster SE, Wernick J, Marx BP., J Contemp Psychother 45(4), 2015
PMID: 26640295
Narrative Focus Predicts Symptom Change Trajectories in Group Treatment for Traumatized and Bereaved Adolescents.
Grassetti SN, Herres J, Williamson AA, Yarger HA, Layne CM, Kobak R., J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 44(6), 2015
PMID: 24927497
Psychodynamic psychotherapy and global health.
Moster RL, Katz CL., Psychodyn Psychiatry 42(4), 2014
PMID: 25494584
Impact of mental health training on village health workers regarding clinical depression in rural India.
Paudel S, Gilles N, Hahn S, Hexom B, Premkumar R, Arole S, Katz C., Community Ment Health J 50(4), 2014
PMID: 23756724
A new psychological intervention: "512 Psychological Intervention Model" used for military rescuers in Wenchuan Earthquake in China.
Wu S, Zhu X, Zhang Y, Liang J, Liu X, Yang Y, Yang H, Miao D., Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47(7), 2012
PMID: 21789502
Trauma rehabilitation for war-affected persons in northern Uganda: a pilot evaluation of the EMPOWER programme.
Sonderegger R, Rombouts S, Ocen B, McKeever RS., Br J Clin Psychol 50(3), 2011
PMID: 21810104

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 18665696
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar