Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide.

Schaal S, Elbert T, Neuner F (2009)
Omega (Westport) 59(3): 203-219.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ;
Abstract
Should pathological grief be viewed as a nosological category, separate from other forms of mental diseases? Diagnostic criteria for "Prolonged Grief Disorder" (PGD) have recently been specified by Prigerson and her coworkers. We interviewed a total of 40 widows who had lost their husbands during the Rwandan genocide in 1994. We assessed Major Depression using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.) and prolonged grief reactions with the PG-13. In order to examine the distinctiveness of the two syndromes we performed a multitrait correlational matrix analysis using modified versions of Generalized Proximity Functions (GPFs). 12.5% (n = 5) of the sample fulfilled the criteria for a diagnosis of PGD; 40% (n = 16) met criteria for Major Depressive Episode. The two syndromes were strongly associated. No discriminant validity was found between the two constructs suggesting that PGD may rather be an appearance of depression than a separate nosological entity.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Schaal S, Elbert T, Neuner F. Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide. Omega (Westport). 2009;59(3):203-219.
Schaal, S., Elbert, T., & Neuner, F. (2009). Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide. Omega (Westport), 59(3), 203-219.
Schaal, S., Elbert, T., and Neuner, F. (2009). Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide. Omega (Westport) 59, 203-219.
Schaal, S., Elbert, T., & Neuner, F., 2009. Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide. Omega (Westport), 59(3), p 203-219.
S. Schaal, T. Elbert, and F. Neuner, “Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide.”, Omega (Westport), vol. 59, 2009, pp. 203-219.
Schaal, S., Elbert, T., Neuner, F.: Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide. Omega (Westport). 59, 203-219 (2009).
Schaal, S, Elbert, T, and Neuner, Frank. “Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocide.”. Omega (Westport) 59.3 (2009): 203-219.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

13 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Prolonged grief disorder and depression in a German community sample.
Schaal S, Richter A, Elbert T., Death Stud 38(6-10), 2014
PMID: 24758218
Validation of the Kirundi versions of brief self-rating scales for common mental disorders among children in Burundi.
Ventevogel P, Komproe IH, Jordans MJ, Feo P, De Jong JT., BMC Psychiatry 14(), 2014
PMID: 24520829
Depression, anxiety and somatization in women with war missing family members.
Barakovic D, Avdibegovic E, Sinanovic O., Mater Sociomed 25(3), 2013
PMID: 24167436
Complicated grief in those bereaved by violent death: the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder on complicated grief.
Nakajima S, Ito M, Shirai A, Konishi T., Dialogues Clin Neurosci 14(2), 2012
PMID: 22754294
Complicated grief in Aboriginal populations.
Spiwak R, Sareen J, Elias B, Martens P, Munro G, Bolton J., Dialogues Clin Neurosci 14(2), 2012
PMID: 22754293
The Multidimensional Loss Scale: validating a cross-cultural instrument for measuring loss.
Vromans L, Schweitzer RD, Brough M., J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 200(4), 2012
PMID: 22456590
Mental and physical health in Rwanda 14 years after the genocide.
Munyandamutsa N, Mahoro Nkubamugisha P, Gex-Fabry M, Eytan A., Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47(11), 2012
PMID: 22402589
Complicated grief and related bereavement issues for DSM-5.
Shear MK, Simon N, Wall M, Zisook S, Neimeyer R, Duan N, Reynolds C, Lebowitz B, Sung S, Ghesquiere A, Gorscak B, Clayton P, Ito M, Nakajima S, Konishi T, Melhem N, Meert K, Schiff M, O'Connor MF, First M, Sareen J, Bolton J, Skritskaya N, Mancini AD, Keshaviah A., Depress Anxiety 28(2), 2011
PMID: 21284063
The familial influence of loss and trauma on refugee mental health: a multilevel path analysis.
Nickerson A, Bryant RA, Brooks R, Steel Z, Silove D, Chen J., J Trauma Stress 24(1), 2011
PMID: 21268119
Rates and risks for prolonged grief disorder in a sample of orphaned and widowed genocide survivors.
Schaal S, Jacob N, Dusingizemungu JP, Elbert T., BMC Psychiatry 10(), 2010
PMID: 20604936

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 19791517
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar