Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum

Peters-Wendisch P, Schiel B, Wendisch VF, Katsoulidis E, Mockel B, Sahm H, Eikmanns BJ (2001)
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 3(2): 295-300.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Corynebacterium glutamicum possesses both phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCx) and pyruvate carboxylase (PCx) as anaplerotic enzymes for growth on carbohydrates. To analyze the significance of PCx for the amino acid production by this organism, the wild-type pyc gene, encoding PCx, was used for the construction of defined pyc-inactive and pyc-overexpressing strains and the glutamate, lysine and threonine production capabilities of these recombinant strains of C. glutamicum were tested in comparison to the respective host strains. No PCx activity was observed in the pyc-inactive mutants whereas the pyc-overexpressing strains showed eight-to elevenfold higher specific PCx activity when compared to the host strains. In a detergent-dependent glutamate production assay, the pyc-overexpressing strain showed more than sevenfold higher, the PCx-deficient strain about twofold lower glutamate production than the wild-type, Overexpression of the pyc gene and thus increasing the PCx activity in a lysine-producing strain of C. glutamicum resulted in approximately 50% higher lysine accumulation in the culture supernatant whereas inactivation of the pyc gene led to a decrease by 60%, In a threonine-producing strain of C. glutamicum, the overexpression of the pyc gene led to an only 10 to 20% increase in threonine production, however, to a more than 150% increase in the production of the threonine precursor homoserine. These results identify the anaplerotic PCx reaction as a major bottleneck for amino acid production by C. glutamicum and show that the enzyme is an important target for the molecular breeding of hyperproducing strains.
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Peters-Wendisch P, Schiel B, Wendisch VF, et al. Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2001;3(2):295-300.
Peters-Wendisch, P., Schiel, B., Wendisch, V. F., Katsoulidis, E., Mockel, B., Sahm, H., & Eikmanns, B. J. (2001). Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, 3(2), 295-300.
Peters-Wendisch, P., Schiel, B., Wendisch, V. F., Katsoulidis, E., Mockel, B., Sahm, H., and Eikmanns, B. J. (2001). Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 3, 295-300.
Peters-Wendisch, P., et al., 2001. Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, 3(2), p 295-300.
P. Peters-Wendisch, et al., “Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum”, Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 3, 2001, pp. 295-300.
Peters-Wendisch, P., Schiel, B., Wendisch, V.F., Katsoulidis, E., Mockel, B., Sahm, H., Eikmanns, B.J.: Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology. 3, 295-300 (2001).
Peters-Wendisch, Petra, Schiel, B., Wendisch, Volker F., Katsoulidis, E., Mockel, B., Sahm, H., and Eikmanns, B. J. “Pyruvate carboxylase is a major bottleneck for glutamate and lysine production by Corynebacterium glutamicum”. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 3.2 (2001): 295-300.
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PMID: 11321586
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