Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress

Forster C, Marienfeld S, Wendisch VF, Kramer R (1998)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 50(2): 219-226.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Osmoadaption mechanisms of the biotechnologically important hemiascomycete Ashbya gossypii were investigated, thereby distinguishing between halo- and osmotolerance by exposure to NaCl and mannitol stress. We studied the growth and ultrastructure of differently treated cells and quantified the intracellular contents of compatible solutes and inorganic ions. Mannitol affected growth of A. gossypii at concentrations above 0.8 M, whereas NaCl inhibited growth at 0.2 M. NaCl-treated cells differed from control cells in having smaller vacuoles, which occupied a smaller part of the cell volume. Glycerol was found to be the predominant compatible solute in A. gossypii; accumulation of inorganic ions could not be detected. Measurement of glycerol uptake under isosmotic conditions as well as upon hyperosmotic stress revealed the existence of a highly active glycerol-uptake system, which, however, was down-regulated under hyperosmotic stress. Investigation of glycerol biosynthesis by measuring glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity under hyperosmotic conditions indicated that accumulation of glycerol in A. gossypii is almost solely due to biosynthesis.
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Forster C, Marienfeld S, Wendisch VF, Kramer R. Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 1998;50(2):219-226.
Forster, C., Marienfeld, S., Wendisch, V. F., & Kramer, R. (1998). Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 50(2), 219-226.
Forster, C., Marienfeld, S., Wendisch, V. F., and Kramer, R. (1998). Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 50, 219-226.
Forster, C., et al., 1998. Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 50(2), p 219-226.
C. Forster, et al., “Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress”, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 50, 1998, pp. 219-226.
Forster, C., Marienfeld, S., Wendisch, V.F., Kramer, R.: Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 50, 219-226 (1998).
Forster, C., Marienfeld, S., Wendisch, Volker F., and Kramer, R. “Adaptation of the filamentous fungus Ashbya gossypii to hyperosmotic stress: different osmoresponse to NaCl and mannitol stress”. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 50.2 (1998): 219-226.
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