Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views

Lenhard J, Lücking H, Schwechheimer H (2006)
Science and Public Policy 33(5): 341-350.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
In the recent debate in the sociology of the sciences about transdisciplinarity, Mode-2 science is heralded as inducing a new disciplinary structure of science and scientific research. We argue that this debate can be interpreted as a continuation of an older discussion about two conflicting conceptions of interdisciplinarity that we call `early integration' and `late integration', the latter pleading for a strong disciplinary basis of interdisciplinary projects, whereas the former advocates dismissing disciplinary approaches right from the start. As a prominent representative of transdisciplinary science, climate research is considered as a case study. It is at least questionable whether a weakening or erosion of disciplinary approaches can be diagnosed in this field. We argue that the demand for `socially robust knowledge' that makes transdisciplinary science inevitable, as is claimed by Nowotny, does not imply a weakening of the disciplinary structure of science.
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Lenhard J, Lücking H, Schwechheimer H. Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views. Science and Public Policy. 2006;33(5):341-350.
Lenhard, J., Lücking, H., & Schwechheimer, H. (2006). Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views. Science and Public Policy, 33(5), 341-350.
Lenhard, J., Lücking, H., and Schwechheimer, H. (2006). Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views. Science and Public Policy 33, 341-350.
Lenhard, J., Lücking, H., & Schwechheimer, H., 2006. Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views. Science and Public Policy, 33(5), p 341-350.
J. Lenhard, H. Lücking, and H. Schwechheimer, “Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views”, Science and Public Policy, vol. 33, 2006, pp. 341-350.
Lenhard, J., Lücking, H., Schwechheimer, H.: Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views. Science and Public Policy. 33, 341-350 (2006).
Lenhard, Johannes, Lücking, Holger, and Schwechheimer, Holger. “Expert Knowledge, Mode-2 and Scientific Disciplines: Two Contrasting Views”. Science and Public Policy 33.5 (2006): 341-350.
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