Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker

Hallmann A, Rappel A (1999)
Plant J. 17: 99-109.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The green alga Volvox represents the simplest multicellular organism: Volvox is composed of only two cell types, somatic and reproductive. Volvox, therefore, is an attractive model system for studying various aspects of multicellularity. With the biolistic nuclear transformation of Volvox carteri, the powerful molecular genetic manipulation of this organism has been established, but applications have been restricted to an auxotrophic mutant serving as the DNA recipient. Therefore, a dominant selectable marker working in all strains and mutants of this organism is required. Among several gene constructs tested, the most advantageous results were obtained with a chimeric gene composed of the coding sequence of the bacterial ble gene, conferring resistance to the antibiotic zeocin, modified with insertions of two endogenous introns from the Volvox arylsulfatase gene and fused to 5' and 3' untranslated regions from the Volvox beta 2-tubulin gene. In the most suitable plasmid used, the gene dosage was increased 16-fold by a technique that allows exponential multiplication of a DNA fragment. Co-transformation of this plasmid and a non-selectable plasmid allowed the identification of zeocin resistant transformants with nuclear integration of both selectable and non-selectable plasmids. Stable expression of the ble gene and of genes from several non-selectable plasmids is demonstrated. The modified ble gene provides the first dominant marker for transformation of both wild-type and mutant strains of Volvox.
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Hallmann A, Rappel A. Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker. Plant J. 1999;17:99-109.
Hallmann, A., & Rappel, A. (1999). Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker. Plant J., 17, 99-109.
Hallmann, A., and Rappel, A. (1999). Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker. Plant J. 17, 99-109.
Hallmann, A., & Rappel, A., 1999. Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker. Plant J., 17, p 99-109.
A. Hallmann and A. Rappel, “Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker”, Plant J., vol. 17, 1999, pp. 99-109.
Hallmann, A., Rappel, A.: Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker. Plant J. 17, 99-109 (1999).
Hallmann, Armin, and Rappel, A. “Genetic engineering of the multicellular green alga Volvox: a modified and multiplied bacterial antibiotic resistance gene as a dominant selectable marker”. Plant J. 17 (1999): 99-109.
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