GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation

Bergmann K, Kopp S (2009)
In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. Ruttkay Z, Kipp M, Nijholt A, Vilhjálmsson H (Eds); LNAI, 5773. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer: 76-89.

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Conference Paper | Published | English
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Ruttkay, Zsófia ; Kipp, Michael ; Nijholt, Anton ; Vilhjálmsson, Hannes
Abstract
Expressing spatial information with iconic gestures is abundant in human communication and requires to transform a referent representation into resembling gestural form. This task is challenging as the mapping is determined by the visuo-spatial features of the referent, the overall discourse context as well as concomitant speech, and its outcome varies considerably across different speakers. We present a framework, GNetIc, that combines data-driven with model-based techniques to model the generation of iconic gestures with Bayesian decision networks. Drawing on extensive empirical data, we discuss how this method allows for simulating speaker-specific vs. speaker- independent gesture production. Modeling results from a prototype implementation are presented and evaluated.
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IVA 2009 (9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents)
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Bergmann K, Kopp S. GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation. In: Ruttkay Z, Kipp M, Nijholt A, Vilhjálmsson H, eds. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. LNAI. Vol 5773. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer; 2009: 76-89.
Bergmann, K., & Kopp, S. (2009). GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation. In Z. Ruttkay, M. Kipp, A. Nijholt, & H. Vilhjálmsson (Eds.), LNAI: Vol. 5773. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 76-89). Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Bergmann, K., and Kopp, S. (2009). “GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, ed. Z. Ruttkay, M. Kipp, A. Nijholt, and H. Vilhjálmsson LNAI, vol. 5773, (Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer), 76-89.
Bergmann, K., & Kopp, S., 2009. GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation. In Z. Ruttkay, et al., eds. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. LNAI. no.5773 Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, pp. 76-89.
K. Bergmann and S. Kopp, “GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation”, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, Z. Ruttkay, et al., eds., LNAI, vol. 5773, Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2009, pp.76-89.
Bergmann, K., Kopp, S.: GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation. In: Ruttkay, Z., Kipp, M., Nijholt, A., and Vilhjálmsson, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. LNAI. 5773, p. 76-89. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany (2009).
Bergmann, Kirsten, and Kopp, Stefan. “GNetIc - Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Iconic Gesture Generation”. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents. Ed. Zsófia Ruttkay, Michael Kipp, Anton Nijholt, and Hannes Vilhjálmsson. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2009.Vol. 5773. LNAI. 76-89.
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