Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog

Bergmann K, Kopp S (2006)
In: Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue. Schlangen D, Fernandez R (Eds);Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag: 90-97.

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Conference Paper | Published | English
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Schlangen, David ; Fernandez, Raquel
Abstract
In spatial dialog like in direction giving humans make frequent use of speechaccompanying gestures. Some gestures convey largely the same information as speech while others complement speech. This paper reports a study on how speakers distribute meaning across speech and gesture, and depending on what factors. Utterance meaning and the wider dialog context were tested by statistically analyzing a corpus of direction-giving dialogs. Problems of speech production (as indicated by discourse markers and disfluencies), the communicative goals, and the information status were found to be influential, while feedback signals by the addressee do not have any influence.
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Bergmann K, Kopp S. Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog. In: Schlangen D, Fernandez R, eds. Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue. Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag; 2006: 90-97.
Bergmann, K., & Kopp, S. (2006). Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog. In D. Schlangen & R. Fernandez (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue (pp. 90-97). Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag.
Bergmann, K., and Kopp, S. (2006). “Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog” in Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue, ed. D. Schlangen and R. Fernandez (Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag), 90-97.
Bergmann, K., & Kopp, S., 2006. Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog. In D. Schlangen & R. Fernandez, eds. Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue. Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag, pp. 90-97.
K. Bergmann and S. Kopp, “Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog”, Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue, D. Schlangen and R. Fernandez, eds., Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag, 2006, pp.90-97.
Bergmann, K., Kopp, S.: Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog. In: Schlangen, D. and Fernandez, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue. p. 90-97. Universitätsverlag, Potsdam, Germany (2006).
Bergmann, Kirsten, and Kopp, Stefan. “Verbal or Visual? How Information is Distributed across Speech and Gesture in Spatial Dialog”. Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue. Ed. David Schlangen and Raquel Fernandez. Potsdam, Germany: Universitätsverlag, 2006. 90-97.
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