Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population

Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Saile R, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F (2010)
Psychological Assessment 22(2): 318-324.

Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Autor
; ; ; ; ;
Abstract / Bemerkung
We studied the validity of the assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression within the context of an epidemiological mental health survey among war-affected adolescents and young adults in northern Uganda. Local language versions of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) and the Depression section of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (DHSCL) were administered by trained local interviewers. Correlations with probable predictor variables (i.e., trauma exposure), outcomes (e.g.. impaired functioning), and local idioms of distress (i.e., spirit possession) were determined to estimate criterion-related construct validity. To assess convergent validity, expert clinicians reinterviewed a subsample using structured interviews (the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale [CAPS] and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview [MINI]). Depression and PTSD symptoms as assessed by the local interviewers correlated with the context variables as predicted. After optimizing the scoring algorithm, we found good agreement between the PDS-based diagnoses and expert diagnoses. However, the concordance for depression diagnoses was not satisfactory. Results show that mental health assessments in African languages can produce reliable and valid data but that caution is warranted in the unevaluated transfer of cutoff scores and scoring algorithms.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Psychological Assessment
Band
22
Zeitschriftennummer
2
Seite
318-324
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Saile R, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F. Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population. Psychological Assessment. 2010;22(2):318-324.
Ertl, V., Pfeiffer, A., Saile, R., Schauer, E., Elbert, T., & Neuner, F. (2010). Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population. Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 318-324. doi:10.1037/a0018810
Ertl, V., Pfeiffer, A., Saile, R., Schauer, E., Elbert, T., and Neuner, F. (2010). Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population. Psychological Assessment 22, 318-324.
Ertl, V., et al., 2010. Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population. Psychological Assessment, 22(2), p 318-324.
V. Ertl, et al., “Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population”, Psychological Assessment, vol. 22, 2010, pp. 318-324.
Ertl, V., Pfeiffer, A., Saile, R., Schauer, E., Elbert, T., Neuner, F.: Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population. Psychological Assessment. 22, 318-324 (2010).
Ertl, Verena, Pfeiffer, Anett, Saile, Regina, Schauer, Elisabeth, Elbert, Thomas, and Neuner, Frank. “Validation of a Mental Health Assessment in an African Conflict Population”. Psychological Assessment 22.2 (2010): 318-324.

49 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Global Posttrauma Symptoms: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Literature.
Michalopoulos LM, Meinhart M, Yung J, Barton SM, Wang X, Chakrabarti U, Ritchey M, Haroz E, Joseph N, Bass J, Bolton P., Trauma Violence Abuse (), 2018
PMID: 29699456
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Africa: a scoping review of its application and validation.
Hoosen N, Davids EL, de Vries PJ, Shung-King M., Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 12(), 2018
PMID: 29344084
Integrated genetic, epigenetic, and gene set enrichment analyses identify NOTCH as a potential mediator for PTSD risk after trauma: Results from two independent African cohorts.
Conrad D, Wilker S, Schneider A, Karabatsiakis A, Pfeiffer A, Kolassa S, Freytag V, Vukojevic V, Vogler C, Milnik A, Papassotiropoulos A, J-F de Quervain D, Elbert T, Kolassa IT., Psychophysiology (), 2018
PMID: 30328613
Genetic variation is associated with PTSD risk and aversive memory: Evidence from two trauma-Exposed African samples and one healthy European sample.
Wilker S, Schneider A, Conrad D, Pfeiffer A, Boeck C, Lingenfelder B, Freytag V, Vukojevic V, Vogler C, Milnik A, Papassotiropoulos A, J-F de Quervain D, Elbert T, Kolassa S, Kolassa IT., Transl Psychiatry 8(1), 2018
PMID: 30467376
Special competencies for psychological assessment of torture survivors.
Huminuik K., Transcult Psychiatry 54(2), 2017
PMID: 27815437
PTSD symptom severity relates to cognitive and psycho-social dysfunctioning - a study with Congolese refugees in Uganda.
Ainamani HE, Elbert T, Olema DK, Hecker T., Eur J Psychotraumatol 8(1), 2017
PMID: 28326164
Does trauma event type matter in the assessment of traumatic load?
Conrad D, Wilker S, Pfeiffer A, Lingenfelder B, Ebalu T, Lanzinger H, Elbert T, Kolassa IT, Kolassa S., Eur J Psychotraumatol 8(1), 2017
PMID: 28804594
Prospective Study of the Mental Health Consequences of Sexual Violence Among Women Living With HIV in Rural Uganda.
Tsai AC, Wolfe WR, Kumbakumba E, Kawuma A, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD., J Interpers Violence 31(8), 2016
PMID: 25586914
Appetitive Aggression in Women: Comparing Male and Female War Combatants.
Meyer-Parlapanis D, Weierstall R, Nandi C, Bambonyé M, Elbert T, Crombach A., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26779084
From War to Classroom: PTSD and Depression in Formerly Abducted Youth in Uganda.
Winkler N, Ruf-Leuschner M, Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Schalinski I, Ovuga E, Neuner F, Elbert T., Front Psychiatry 6(), 2015
PMID: 25788887
Predictors of posttraumatic stress and appetitive aggression in active soldiers and former combatants.
Nandi C, Crombach A, Bambonye M, Elbert T, Weierstall R., Eur J Psychotraumatol 6(), 2015
PMID: 25908529
Assessing the feasibility of providing a parenting intervention for war-affected families in northern Uganda.
Wieling E, Mehus C, Möllerherm J, Neuner F, Achan L, Catani C., Fam Community Health 38(3), 2015
PMID: 26017003
Appetitive Aggression and Adverse Childhood Experiences Shape Violent Behavior in Females Formerly Associated with Combat.
Augsburger M, Meyer-Parlapanis D, Bambonye M, Elbert T, Crombach A., Front Psychol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26635666
How to quantify exposure to traumatic stress? Reliability and predictive validity of measures for cumulative trauma exposure in a post-conflict population.
Wilker S, Pfeiffer A, Kolassa S, Koslowski D, Elbert T, Kolassa IT., Eur J Psychotraumatol 6(), 2015
PMID: 26589255
Measuring depression and anxiety in sub-saharan Africa.
Sweetland AC, Belkin GS, Verdeli H., Depress Anxiety 31(3), 2014
PMID: 23780834
The validation of a social functioning questionnaire in an African postconflict context.
Verduin F, Scholte WF, Rutayisire T, Busschers WB, Stronks K., Transcult Psychiatry 51(2), 2014
PMID: 24107656
Cultural concepts of distress and psychiatric disorders: literature review and research recommendations for global mental health epidemiology.
Kohrt BA, Rasmussen A, Kaiser BN, Haroz EE, Maharjan SM, Mutamba BB, de Jong JT, Hinton DE., Int J Epidemiol 43(2), 2014
PMID: 24366490
Psychometric properties of instruments for assessing depression among African youth: A systematic review.
Mutumba M, Tomlinson M, Tsai AC., J Child Adolesc Ment Health 26(2), 2014
PMID: 25391712
Validation of the Kirundi versions of brief self-rating scales for common mental disorders among children in Burundi.
Ventevogel P, Komproe IH, Jordans MJ, Feo P, De Jong JT., BMC Psychiatry 14(), 2014
PMID: 24520829
Mental health outcomes of Mexico's drug war in Ciudad Juárez: A pilot study among university students.
O'Connor K, Vizcaino M, Benavides NA., Traumatology (Tallahass Fla) 20(1), 2014
PMID: 25110466
The role of FKBP5 genotype in moderating long-term effectiveness of exposure-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Wilker S, Pfeiffer A, Kolassa S, Elbert T, Lingenfelder B, Ovuga E, Papassotiropoulos A, de Quervain D, Kolassa IT., Transl Psychiatry 4(), 2014
PMID: 24959896
A cross-sectional survey on gender-based violence and mental health among female urban refugees and asylum seekers in Kampala, Uganda.
Morof DF, Sami S, Mangeni M, Blanton C, Cardozo BL, Tomczyk B., Int J Gynaecol Obstet 127(2), 2014
PMID: 25042145
The challenge of living on: psychopathology and its mediating influence on the readjustment of former child soldiers.
Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Schauer-Kaiser E, Elbert T, Neuner F., PLoS One 9(7), 2014
PMID: 25054324
Adaptation and testing of psychosocial assessment instruments for cross-cultural use: an example from the Thailand Burma border.
Haroz EE, Bass JK, Lee C, Murray LK, Robinson C, Bolton P., BMC Psychol 2(1), 2014
PMID: 25685351
Does perpetrating violence damage mental health? Differences between forcibly recruited and voluntary combatants in DR Congo.
Hecker T, Hermenau K, Maedl A, Hinkel H, Schauer M, Elbert T., J Trauma Stress 26(1), 2013
PMID: 23319373
The role of memory-related gene WWC1 (KIBRA) in lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder: evidence from two independent samples from African conflict regions.
Wilker S, Kolassa S, Vogler C, Lingenfelder B, Elbert T, Papassotiropoulos A, de Quervain DJ, Kolassa IT., Biol Psychiatry 74(9), 2013
PMID: 23582269
Aggression inoculates against PTSD symptom severity-insights from armed groups in the eastern DR Congo.
Hecker T, Hermenau K, Maedl A, Schauer M, Elbert T., Eur J Psychotraumatol 4(), 2013
PMID: 23671766
Growing up in armed groups: trauma and aggression among child soldiers in DR Congo.
Hermenau K, Hecker T, Maedl A, Schauer M, Elbert T., Eur J Psychotraumatol 4(), 2013
PMID: 24224078
When combat prevents PTSD symptoms--results from a survey with former child soldiers in Northern Uganda.
Weierstall R, Schalinski I, Crombach A, Hecker T, Elbert T., BMC Psychiatry 12(), 2012
PMID: 22583755
PTSD, depression and anxiety among former abductees in Northern Uganda.
Pfeiffer A, Elbert T., Confl Health 5(1), 2011
PMID: 21871069

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 20528059
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar