Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest

Hagen M, Kraemer M (2010)
BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 143(7): 1654-1663.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Local habitat structure and resource availability appear to be of great importance for the diversity, abundance, and community structure of bees. We examined the contribution of three different habitat types (farmland, forest edge, forest understory) to bee diversity in a tropical forest-agriculture mosaic in Western Kenya and analysed differences and overlap in plant-bee community interactions between nearby habitats. We used network properties (network size and specialization indices) and bee species turnover to examine temporal and spatial variation of flower-visitation interaction networks in general and in bee species composition in detail across habitats. In total we found 121 bee and 89 plant species involved in the interactions. Results suggest that bees were limited by floral resources because the largest networks, highest diversity, and largest abundances were found at the forest edge and in the farmland which hosted higher amounts of flowers and a more homogeneous distribution of resources in space and time. Forest in the study area is characterized by (1) lower flower density and (2) more humid conditions relative to the farmland. We therefore suggest that the species-rich and structurally diverse farmland acts as a "pollinator rescue" which supports bee communities in the natural forest. We advise conservation managers and politicians to conserve the structural richness of the farmland to (1) preserve bee diversity within the farmland and (2) conserve positive effects of the farmland on bee activity in the forest remnant. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Hagen M, Kraemer M. Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION. 2010;143(7):1654-1663.
Hagen, M., & Kraemer, M. (2010). Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, 143(7), 1654-1663.
Hagen, M., and Kraemer, M. (2010). Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 143, 1654-1663.
Hagen, M., & Kraemer, M., 2010. Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, 143(7), p 1654-1663.
M. Hagen and M. Kraemer, “Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest”, BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, vol. 143, 2010, pp. 1654-1663.
Hagen, M., Kraemer, M.: Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION. 143, 1654-1663 (2010).
Hagen, Melanie, and Kraemer, Manfred. “Agricultural surroundings support flower-visitor networks in an Afrotropical rain forest”. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 143.7 (2010): 1654-1663.
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