Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement

Kandler C, Riemann R, Spinath FM, Angleitner A (2010)
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 78(5): 1565-1594.

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Abstract
This study considered the validity of the personality structure based on the Five-Factor Model using both self- and peer reports on twins' NEO-PI-R facets. Separating common from specific genetic variance in self- and peer reports, this study examined genetic substance of different trait levels and rater-specific perspectives relating to personality judgments. Data of 919 twin pairs were analyzed using a multiple-rater twin model to disentangle genetic and environmental effects on domain-level trait, facet-specific trait, and rater-specific variance. About two thirds of both the domain-level trait variance and the facet-specific trait variance was attributable to genetic factors. This suggests that the more personality is measured accurately, the better these measures reflect the genetic structure. Specific variance in self- and peer reports also showed modest to substantial genetic influence. This may indicate not only genetically influenced self-rater biases but also substance components specific for self- and peer raters' perspectives on traits actually measured.
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Kandler C, Riemann R, Spinath FM, Angleitner A. Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 2010;78(5):1565-1594.
Kandler, C., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., & Angleitner, A. (2010). Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, 78(5), 1565-1594.
Kandler, C., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., and Angleitner, A. (2010). Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 78, 1565-1594.
Kandler, C., et al., 2010. Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, 78(5), p 1565-1594.
C. Kandler, et al., “Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement”, JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, vol. 78, 2010, pp. 1565-1594.
Kandler, C., Riemann, R., Spinath, F.M., Angleitner, A.: Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 78, 1565-1594 (2010).
Kandler, Christian, Riemann, Rainer, Spinath, Frank M., and Angleitner, Alois. “Sources of Variance in Personality Facets: A Multiple-Rater Twin Study of Self-Peer, Peer-Peer, and Self-Self (Dis)Agreement”. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 78.5 (2010): 1565-1594.
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