On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies

Zanker JM, Egelhaaf M, Warzecha A-K (1991)
Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 169(2): 127-134.

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Abstract
In tethered flying houseflies (Musca domestica), the yaw torque produced by the wings is accompanied by postural changes of the abdomen and hindlegs. In free flight, these body movements would jointly lead to turning manoeuvres of the animal. By recording the yaw torque together with the lateral deflections of either the abdomen or the hindlegs, it is shown that these motor output systems act in a highly synergistic way during two types of visual orientation behavior, compensatory optomotor turning reactions and orientation turns elicited by moving objects. This high degree of coordination is particularly conspicuous for the pathway activated by moving objects. Here, orientation responses either may be induced or may fail to be generated always simultaneously in all three motor output systems. This suggests that the pathway mediating orientation turns towards objects is gated before it segregates into the respective motor control systems of the wings, the abdomen and the hindlegs.
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Zanker JM, Egelhaaf M, Warzecha A-K. On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology. 1991;169(2):127-134.
Zanker, J. M., Egelhaaf, M., & Warzecha, A. - K. (1991). On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology, 169(2), 127-134.
Zanker, J. M., Egelhaaf, M., and Warzecha, A. - K. (1991). On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 169, 127-134.
Zanker, J.M., Egelhaaf, M., & Warzecha, A.-K., 1991. On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology, 169(2), p 127-134.
J.M. Zanker, M. Egelhaaf, and A.-K. Warzecha, “On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies”, Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology, vol. 169, 1991, pp. 127-134.
Zanker, J.M., Egelhaaf, M., Warzecha, A.-K.: On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology. 169, 127-134 (1991).
Zanker, Johannes M., Egelhaaf, Martin, and Warzecha, Anne-Kathrin. “On the coordination of motor output during visual flight control of flies”. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A: Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 169.2 (1991): 127-134.
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