Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study

Will B, Zeeb H, Baune BT (2005)
BMC Public Health 5(1): 45.

Download
OA
Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English
Author
; ;
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become a global epidemic and are increasing rapidly in both childhood and adolescence. Obesity is linked both to socioeconomic status and to ethnicity among adults. It is unclear whether similar associations exist in childhood. The aim of the present study was to assess differences in overweight and obesity in migrant and German children at school entry. METHODS: The body mass index (BMI) was calculated for 525 children attending the 2002 compulsory pre-school medical examinations in 12 schools in Bielefeld, Germany. We applied international BMI cut off points for overweight and obesity by sex and age. The migration status of children was based on sociodemographic data obtained from parents who were interviewed separately. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of overweight in children aged 6-7 was 11.9% (overweight incl. obesity), the obesity prevalence was 2.5%. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher for migrant children (14.7% and 3.1%) than for German children (9.1% and 1.9%). When stratified by parental social status, migrant children had a significantly higher prevalence of overweight than German children in the highest social class. (27.6% vs. 10.0%, p = 0.032) Regression models including country/region and socioeconomic status as independent variables indicated similar results. The patterns of overweight among migrant children differed only slightly depending on duration of stay of their family in Germany. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that children from ethnic minorities in Germany are more frequently overweight or obese than German children. Social class as well as family duration of stay after immigration influence the pattern of overweight and obesity in children at school entry.
Publishing Year
ISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Will B, Zeeb H, Baune BT. Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2005;5(1):45.
Will, B., Zeeb, H., & Baune, B. T. (2005). Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 5(1), 45. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-45
Will, B., Zeeb, H., and Baune, B. T. (2005). Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 5, 45.
Will, B., Zeeb, H., & Baune, B.T., 2005. Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 5(1), p 45.
B. Will, H. Zeeb, and B.T. Baune, “Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study”, BMC Public Health, vol. 5, 2005, pp. 45.
Will, B., Zeeb, H., Baune, B.T.: Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 5, 45 (2005).
Will, Beata, Zeeb, Hajo, and Baune, Bernhard T. “Overweight and obesity at school entry among migrant and German children: a cross-sectional study”. BMC Public Health 5.1 (2005): 45.
All files available under the following license(s):
Copyright Statement:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. [...]
Main File(s)
Access Level
OA Open Access

This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

45 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Does immigration background influence outcomes after renal transplantation?
Oztek FZ, Tekin P, Herle M, Mueller T, Arbeiter K, Aufricht C., Pediatr Nephrol 26(2), 2011
PMID: 21052728
Prevention among immigrants: the example of Germany.
Spallek J, Zeeb H, Razum O., BMC Public Health 10(), 2010
PMID: 20181232
Early life factors and being overweight at 4 years of age among children in Malmö, Sweden.
Mangrio E, Lindström M, Rosvall M., BMC Public Health 10(), 2010
PMID: 21159203
Changes in dietary habits following temporal migration. The case of international students in Belgium.
Perez-Cueto F, Verbeke W, Lachat C, Remaut-De Winter AM., Appetite 52(1), 2009
PMID: 18786581
The influence of socioeconomic status and ethnicity on children's excess body weight.
Costarelli Vassiliki, Manios Yannis., Nutrition and food science. 39(6), 2009
PMID: IND44306005
Potential determinants of obesity among children and adolescents in Germany: results from the cross-sectional KiGGS Study.
Kleiser C, Schaffrath Rosario A, Mensink GB, Prinz-Langenohl R, Kurth BM., BMC Public Health 9(), 2009
PMID: 19187531
Epidemiology and predisposing factors of obesity in Greece: from the Second World War until today.
Roditis ML, Parlapani ES, Tzotzas T, Hassapidou M, Krassas GE., J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 22(5), 2009
PMID: 19618657
The obesity epidemic: are minority individuals equally affected?
Calzada PJ, Anderson-Worts P., Prim Care 36(2), 2009
PMID: 19501245
Determinants of obesity in the Ulm Research on Metabolism, Exercise and Lifestyle in Children (URMEL-ICE).
Nagel G, Wabitsch M, Galm C, Berg S, Brandstetter S, Fritz M, Klenk J, Peter R, Prokopchuk D, Steiner R, Stroth S, Wartha O, Weiland SK, Steinacker J., Eur J Pediatr 168(10), 2009
PMID: 19562371
Prevalence of overweight and obesity among school-aged children in urban, rural and mountain areas of the Veneto Region, Italy.
Bertoncello C, Cazzaro R, Ferraresso A, Mazzer R, Moretti G., Public Health Nutr 11(9), 2008
PMID: 17942006
Obesity among male adolescent migrants in Vienna, Austria.
Kirchengast S, Schober E., Econ Hum Biol 6(2), 2008
PMID: 18191626
[Prevalence of obesity and overweight in adolescents from Canary Islands, Spain. Relationship with breakfast and physical activity].
Henríquez Sánchez P, Doreste Alonso J, Laínez Sevillano P, Estévez González MD, Iglesias Valle M, López Martín G, Sosa Iglesias I, Serra Majem L., Med Clin (Barc) 130(16), 2008
PMID: 18482526
Predictors of overweight and obesity in five to seven-year-old children in Germany: results from cross-sectional studies.
Apfelbacher CJ, Loerbroks A, Cairns J, Behrendt H, Ring J, Krämer U., BMC Public Health 8(), 2008
PMID: 18495021
Prevalence of glucose intolerance in school age children. Population based cross-sectional study.
Mazur A, Grzywa M, Małecka-Tendera E, Telega G., Acta Paediatr 96(12), 2007
PMID: 17953725
An overview of pediatric obesity.
Lee WW., Pediatr Diabetes 8 Suppl 9(), 2007
PMID: 17991136
Parental smoking and education as determinants of overweight in Israeli children.
Huerta M, Bibi H, Haviv J, Scharf S, Gdalevich M., Prev Chronic Dis 3(2), 2006
PMID: 16539789
Prevalence of obesity in elementary schoolchildren living in Northeast Attica, Greece.
Papadimitriou A, Kounadi D, Konstantinidou M, Xepapadaki P, Nicolaidou P., Obesity (Silver Spring) 14(7), 2006
PMID: 16899791
[Epidemiological research on migrant health in Germany. An overview].
Zeeb H, Razum O., Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 49(9), 2006
PMID: 16937322

39 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity and trends in body mass index in German pre-school children, 1982-1997.
Kalies H, Lenz J, von Kries R., Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 26(9), 2002
PMID: 12187398

Bruns-Philipps E, Dreesman J., 2004

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 2000
Ethnic group differences in overweight and obese children and young people in England: cross sectional survey.
Saxena S, Ambler G, Cole TJ, Majeed A., Arch. Dis. Child. 89(1), 2004
PMID: 14709498
Nutrition and health among migrants in The Netherlands.
Brussaard JH, van Erp-Baart MA, Brants HA, Hulshof KF, Lowik MR., Public Health Nutr 4(2B), 2001
PMID: 11683558
Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in Turkish adolescents.
Oner N, Vatansever U, Sari A, Ekuklu E, Guzel A, Karasalihoglu S, Boris NW., Swiss Med Wkly 134(35-36), 2004
PMID: 15517506
Discrepancies between classification systems of childhood obesity.
Neovius M, Linne Y, Barkeling B, Rossner S., Obes Rev 5(2), 2004
PMID: 15086864

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 15882467
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar