RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS

SCHETTLER A, THORN H, JOCKUSCH BM, Tschesche H (1991)
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY 197(1): 197-202.

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Abstract
The secretion of matrix-degrading proteinases and protein components involved in the production of cytotoxic metabolites is an important step in the sequence of defense reactions executed by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) in response to stimulation. In the present report, we have analyzed degranulation of PMNL stimulated either with soluble synthetic peptides fLeu-Phe (fMet, formylmethionyl), or fAhx-Leu-Phe-Ahx-Tyr-Phe (Ahx, aminohexyl) which trigger chemotaxis and degranulation, or with opsonized zymosan which induces phagocytosis. The release of elastase, myeloperoxidase and lactoferrin-containing granules was not at all or only slightly (< 6%) induced either by fAhx-Leu-Phe-Ahx-Tyr-Leu or by zymosan particles. In contrast, type-I collagenase and gelatinase were secreted in significant amounts after treatment with these agents. The disruption of microfilaments by cytochalasin B and subsequent stimulation of PMNL with the formyl-peptide led to the secretion of elastase, myeloperoxidase and lactoferrin, and enhanced the release of gelatinase. Disruption of microtubules by incubation with colcemid resulted in inhibition of fAhx-Leu-Phe-Ahx-Thyr-Leu and fAhx-Leu-Phe-Ahx-Tyr-Leu/cytochalasin-B-induced granule release. Furthermore, we found different patterns of enzyme distribution after fractionation by centrifugation: most (> 90%) type-I collagenase and gelastinase was measured in the supernatant whereas 60 - 90% of elastase, myeloperoxidase and lactoferrin had partitioned into the cytoskeleton-containing pellet. Our results suggest that the two main types of secretory vesicles identified in PMNL (specific and azurophilic granules) consist of subpopulations. The differential association of the various types of granules with cytoskeletal elements may serve to control their sequential discharge.
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SCHETTLER A, THORN H, JOCKUSCH BM, Tschesche H. RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY. 1991;197(1):197-202.
SCHETTLER, A., THORN, H., JOCKUSCH, B. M., & Tschesche, H. (1991). RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY, 197(1), 197-202.
SCHETTLER, A., THORN, H., JOCKUSCH, B. M., and Tschesche, H. (1991). RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY 197, 197-202.
SCHETTLER, A., et al., 1991. RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY, 197(1), p 197-202.
A. SCHETTLER, et al., “RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS”, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY, vol. 197, 1991, pp. 197-202.
SCHETTLER, A., THORN, H., JOCKUSCH, B.M., Tschesche, H.: RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY. 197, 197-202 (1991).
SCHETTLER, A, THORN, H, JOCKUSCH, BM, and Tschesche, Harald. “RELEASE OF PROTEINASES FROM STIMULATED POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES - EVIDENCE FOR SUBCLASSES OF THE MAIN GRANULE TYPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CYTOSKELETAL COMPONENTS”. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY 197.1 (1991): 197-202.
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